Assuming that an agreement between Israel and the Palestinians will include the
establishment of a Palestinian Arab state, it is obvious that drawing the border
between Israel and this nascent Palestinian state is cardinal to an
A logical extension of this is that there will be a
significant impact on Israeli settlements in the territory under discussion –
the West Bank.
Gaza, vacated by Israel years ago, is no longer under
discussion. The entire Strip would be part of a Palestinian state.
has never been a sovereign entity in the West Bank. Israel took possession of it
from Jordan, which had occupied it in 1948 following the end of British
stewardship of the area. We are talking about the allocation of sovereignty over
terra nullius – land with no sovereign attachment.
While the Palestinians
have legitimate claims, so does Israel. Israel may well choose to not put
forward its claims, to suspend its rights or to cede some of them, all of which
are the right of any claimant.
With Israel’s adoption of the
establishment of a Palestinian state as policy this seems the likely
This does not negate Israel’s legitimate claims, and parts of
the West Bank will unquestionably be incorporated into Israel.
Palestinian suggestions both publicly declared and leaked by Al Jazeera’s
“Palestine Papers,” the Palestinians accept this reality (although one has to
doubt the validity of this supposition if Hamas is to be asked).
international community, under the auspices of the Quartet (the US, UN, Russia
and EU), has called for proposals from Israel and the Palestinians regarding
borders and security.
It is no coincidence that these two issues are
twinned, for beyond Israel’s legitimate territorial claims, perhaps ahead of
them, is the question of Israel’s security. The UN and all credible parties have
written Israel’s legitimate concerns into policy.
UN Security Council
Resolution 242 goes so far as to call for “secure borders,” and deliberately
removed the word “the” from before “territories” in calling for Israel to
withdraw from parts of the West Bank.
One can only be bewildered, given
the facts, by the overwhelming focus on Israel’s West Bank settlements, which is
clearly relevant to the allocation of sovereignty over the West Bank, while
coverage of Israel’s security needs is so vaguely and so tepidly
Why so unbalanced an approach, especially in the face of
Israel’s stated and implemented policies regarding its settlements? • On
election as prime minister in early 2009, Binyamin Netanyahu said that he had
not authorized new settlements in the West Bank during his previous term and
didn’t intend to authorize any this term.
• In late 2009, in an attempt
to encourage the Palestinians to negotiate, the prime minister announced a
10-month halt on construction in settlements throughout the West Bank.
With the failure to restart negotiations through this incentive, Israel
committed that while it was renewing construction, never before an obstacle to
negotiations, this would have no impact on the peace process.
Construction is restricted to within Israeli settlements which in any agreement
will be incorporated into Israel.
The international community, which
correctly seeks to see the two sides reconcile, does no one a favor by allowing,
some would argue encouraging, a misrepresentation of the facts of construction
activity in Israeli settlements in the West Bank.
These facts: an
announcement of no new settlements; limitation of construction to within, rather
than expanding, existing ones; a temporary halt on construction; limitation of
construction to those settlements we know will be incorporated into Israel,
leaving the rest for negotiations; and the cancellation of tax incentives
encouraging people to move to the West Bank.
The only explanation for the
misrepresentation of Israel’s West Bank settlement policy, other than perhaps by
those who desire to see the conflict perpetuated, is what a member of the
foreign press corps in Israel told me they lovingly call “blame Bibi rather than
The writer is an Israeli diplomat currently posted back home in