Stanley Fischer at press conference in Jerusalem_311.
(photo credit: Reuters)
“Shlomo Eliahu was one of the first Israeli businessmen I ever met.
was at 2 a.m. on a flight to New York. I was very impressed by him,” Bank of
Israel Governor Stanley Fischer told the Knesset Finance Committee, which was
discussing the so-called “Marani Law” on Wednesday. Fischer angrily rebuffed
Eliahu’s charge that he was effectively nationalizing the banks.
Marani Law – which is officially titled, “Amendment 13 to the Banking
(Licensing) Law (5741-1981)” – regulates a bank with no controlling core.
Amendment 13, which was passed in 2004, stipulates that the Bank of Israel must
approve a holding of more than 5 percent in a bank.
Shlomo Eliahu is the
largest private shareholder in Bank Leumi, with an 11% stake, which he was
allowed to keep under a special permit, on the condition that he would not use
his extra holding to try to win control of the bank.
discussing the Eliahu law; he is not just another person, and there will be more
banks without a controlling core,” Fischer added.
“This law is intended
to deal with other banks, not Bank Leumi.
It’s quite sexy to say
‘nationalization,’ but this bank belongs to its shareholders, who receive
So please stop saying ‘nationalization.’ There is no
nationalization here. The bank does not belong to the state.”
Eliahu told the finance committee, “The Bank of Israel’s job is to maintain the
stability of the banks. So what are you doing, letting the regulator appoint the
board of directors? That’s nationalization.
The problem isn’t Bank Leumi
or Shlomo Eliahu. It’s unacceptable that the owners have no
“This law was never applied. We don’t know what is wrong and
what is right. Now the government comes along and wants to make a fix. I don’t
understand. This isn’t a law against Eliahu, but a law that takes away rights.
They’re telling shareholders who invested the best of their money that they
don’t [have] the right to nominate a candidate for director,” Eliahu
“They’re telling us, ‘You’re not worthy to nominate
candidates,’ even though the governor has the final authority to approve or
reject the candidate. If the candidate is unacceptable, he’s not
So what are you going to change? There cannot be a situation in
which we invest the best of our money but cannot appoint people,” he
Fischer also said that the Finance Ministry had concluded that
it was necessary to change the way bank directors were appointed, “so that the
directors would work for the good of the shareholders, rather than the majority
As for the criticism about government intervention,
Fischer said, “If a bank is not being managed properly, the government will have
to do something in the end. We saw what happened in 1983. So it’s very nice to
say that the government hasn’t put in a shekel. It sounds nice, but there is
also a greater interest in management of the bank, because if there is no money
to repay deposits, the state will have to do something. That is why it is our
duty to be certain that the method of electing directors is for the good of
In 1983, the share-pegging scandal at the banks nearly caused the
Tel Aviv Stock Exchange (TASE) to crash.