The death penalty is a highly controversial issue in the democratized world. While the death penalty is on the books in the State of Israel, the country has only civilly executed one person in its 65 year history: Adolf Eichmann for his participation in Nazi war crimes.

According to rabbinic Jewish law, a criminal can only be sentenced to a biblical death if he or she was warned by two eligible witnesses prior to the act. The perpetrator must acknowledge the warning and immediately commit the wrongdoing. The witnesses must go to the court to testify as well as undergo a rigorous interrogation procedure. The case is determined by at least 23 judges and no circumstantial evidence is allowed. The strict criteria made the enforcement of the death penalty essentially hard to implement.

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