Perfect Etrog (370).
(photo credit: Hadas Parush)
The first-ever shipment of Moroccan etrogs to Israel has arrived, bringing a
type of the fruit considered to be the original from the biblical period, the
Agriculture Ministry announced on Wednesday.
Etrogs (citrons) are one of
the Four Species Jews use during Succot, along with lulavs (date palm fronds),
hadass (myrtle) and aravah (willow).
The holiday begins on Wednesday
The Moroccan Etrog grows in the Atlas Mountains, which according
to biblical scholars is the birthplace of the etrog mentioned in the Bible. This
type is particularly popular among Jews of Sephardic origins, the ministry
The decision to import the 1,500 etrogs from Morocco occurred
when the heads of the Sephardic community in Israel approached the Agriculture
Ministry with a request for these specific fruits. Afterward, a ministry team
from Plant Protection and Inspection Services conducted examinations of the
fruits, to ensure that no problems or lesions would prevent the fruits from
“making aliya,” the ministry said. Following the thorough inspections, the
etrogs arrived on Tuesday.
In addition, the Agriculture Ministry has been
importing the fruits from Calabria, Italy, for a number of years, as the unique
version have particular value among members of the Chabad Lubavitch community,
the ministry said.
Domestic etrog growth amounts to 150 hectares of land,
or about 1 million etrogs a year, of which about 300,000 are typically exported
to Jewish communities in 30 countries.
About 85 percent of these exports
go to the United States, the Agriculture Ministry said.
belong to the citrus family, sell for anywhere between NIS 10 and NIS 500 each,
with their average price falling around about NIS 40, according to ministry
Every year, Agriculture Ministry inspectors place a careful watch
at the airport to deter smuggling of etrogs, as their entrance without
supervision can introduce diseases to the country’s crops. Such diseases could
affect the country on a number of levels, by degrading products quality, closing
export markets and damaging the environment, the ministry said.