polio vaccine illustrative 370.
(photo credit: REUTERS/Oswaldo Rivas)
The Health Ministry will launch an information campaign via the media in the
next few days encouraging the public to wash their hands with soap and water
before eating and after going to the toilet or handling diapers. The effort is
mean to halt the spread of polio virus that has been found over the past week in
sewage in the South but has not caused any illness.
believe that a person who had been exposed to the virus came here from Egypt and
that his infected stools showed up in the sewage system in the Negev city of
Vestiges spread most recently to other Negev communities,
including Ar’ara and Tel Sheva, as well as to Ashdod, the most northern point
with signs of the virus.
The ministry will take additional samples of
sewage to collect more data. It will conduct additional consultations with
experts in the World Health Organization and the US Centers for Disease
The ministry in Jerusalem stressed that there was no need for
panic and that it was taking cautionary measures, as there hasn’t been an
Israeli case of paralysis from polio in two decades. Some 95 percent of the
population has been vaccinated against the disease.
Parents of children
up to the age of six have been advised to go to their wellbaby (Tipat Halav)
clinics to get their full complement of vaccinations, including polio, if they
have not received all the shots. The ministry has ordered a new supply of
220,000 doses of vaccine, just in case. It is not planning to vaccinate the
whole population, as most people already have immunity.
an infectious disease caused by the polio virus, which is transferred between
It enters via the mouth and is excreted in the
Most cases of infections pass without any symptoms of disease. In
10 percent of cases, the person suffers from mild disease with fever, headaches,
sore throat, stomach aches, nausea and vomiting, and recovers in a few days. In
the third – and very rare – form, which affects one per 1,000 individuals, the
virus enters the central nervous system and causes paralysis.
depends on the number of neurons damaged and affects mostly the lower limbs.
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