For as long as anyone can remember, young people have had nothing much to do in
Bethlehem after nightfall. When the IDF and Palestinian gunmen finally quit the
streets in 2005, restaurants and cafes continued to observe an unofficial 10
p.m. curfew, and anyone seeking some action had to head north to Ramallah, a
tortuous, hourlong journey through military checkpoints and deathdefying
“I spend my evenings at home on the Internet because
there is nothing to do here for people our age,” said Sally Zaghmout, 19, a
student at Bethlehem University.
“There are no bowling alleys, no
cinemas, no big fields where you can go and play sports. It’s really hard. If
people of my age go to discos some gossip will start, because it’s a really
conservative country and everybody knows everybody.”
Twin brothers Firas
and Ruslan Mukarker opened Taboo, the first venue in Bethlehem to stay open
every night until dawn.
But this season, something is happening in
Bethlehem. In recent months, a growing number of hip nightspots have opened
around town, drawing packed crowds until well past midnight – a signal, perhaps,
of a new confidence on the part of young entrepreneurs and a shift toward some
kind of normality after a decade of violence and economic
Bethlehem’s economy fell to pieces after the outbreak of the
second intifada in September 2000.
Tourists, who provide the city’s main
source of income, stopped coming. On Star Street, the traditional gateway to the
Old City, 88 of the 102 shops are still shuttered.
Thousands of residents
When the intifada ended in 2005, Bethlehem was surrounded by
the West Bank security barrier and military checkpoints that cut off its
residents from nearby Jerusalem and deterred all but the most determined
The first signs of life after dark appeared in 2006, when a
local entrepreneur opened a late-night disco, discreetly situated on the upper
floor of a failed holiday complex in Beit Jala, a suburb of Bethlehem. A hefty
entrance charge and a couples-only policy kept out troublemakers. Now renamed
the Layal Lounge, the club attracts crowds from all over the West Bank from
Thursday to Saturday nights.
The same year, the Mukarker brothers opened
Taboo, the first venue to stay open every night until dawn. Taboo’s chill-out
music, tiger-skin wall-hangings, soft red lighting, display of African masks and
nude paintings announced a new generation of Christian Bethlehem
“In 2006 it was the first place called a bar in Bethlehem, it
was something really new,” Firas Mukarker told AOL News. “We called it Taboo
because there was pork and alcohol. No one had the guts to put pork on the menu.
We were the first in Palestine.”
But the successes in Beit Jala didn’t
catch on inside the city itself.
The Palestinian economy remained
depressed and unemployment in Bethlehem stayed close to 40 percent. In 2008,
Mike Canawati, a prominent local businessman, opened the Square on Manger
Square, opposite the Church of the Nativity.
Spread over three floors and
with an international menu, the Square brought the new nightlife into the middle
of town for the first time.
“We started this new trend of staying open
until 1 a.m.,” Canawati said.
“Two years ago there was nowhere else in
this area open until that late. Now there are a few.
We serve European
food – Italian, French. Our menu was the first of its kind in Bethlehem. We
wanted to make something new. Not everybody wants to eat kebab and lamb chops
Now the tourists have returned.
Dayyeh, the Palestinian Authority minister of tourism, said that nearly 1.5
million people will have visited Bethlehem by the end of 2010, up 60% over last
year and an all-time record.
Unemployment in Bethlehem has fallen to 22%.
A dozen new souvenir shops have opened in recent months, and property owners are
scrambling to turn every available building into accommodation for
Samir Hazboun, chairman of the Bethlehem Chamber of Commerce
and Industry, told AOL News the number of hotels has grown from six in 1995 to
31 today, with three more under construction and four in the planning
The new investors have benefited from a series of economic
reforms that have made bank loans widely available to Palestinians for the first
time in living memory. The result has been a massive 9% growth in gross domestic
product over the last year and rising employment across the West
Jihad al-Wazir, head of the Palestinian Monetary Authority, said
new regulations had freed up around $750 million in loans for individuals and
the 94% of local businesses that have four or fewer employees.
a tremendous increase in lending,” Wazir said.
“The Palestinian economy
is dependent on these very smallscale enterprises that are the drivers of the
economy. It’s great that the entrepreneurial spirit is catching up. People see
other young kids doing the new projects and so they emulate it and so it starts
a chain reaction where the overall impact is very positive.”
and his business partner, David Salti, secured a loan to transform a shop
wrecked in intifada gun battles, in the shadow of an IDF watchtower on the
security barrier, into the Divano Cafe and Restaurant, a classy new nightspot
with a European menu that boasts the largest aquarium in the West Bank and the
most extensive cocktail menu in Bethlehem.
“I wanted a mixture of
something elegant and cool,” said Matar, 27. “We wanted it to be friendly. The
classic restaurants here aren’t cool. I lived in the US for two years. I wanted
to create something like you would find there.”
The result is a youthful
mix of soft couches, subtle red lighting, dark wood paneling and Europeanstyle
wall paintings where the elegant presentation of the food matches the ambiance.
It appears to be a winning formula. Divano is packed every night, mainly with
locals, and it’s impossible to get a table after 6 p.m. without a
Divano serves about 200 every day and has to turn away
Outside the restaurant, the grim concrete wall and watchtower
across the street surrounding the shrine at Rachel’s Tomb is a reminder that the
venture could be destroyed at any moment by a new outbreak of
“It’s a risk,” Matar acknowledged.
“I know that and my
partner knows that, but we couldn’t find a better place than this. We will trust
in God.”Content © 2010 AOL Inc. Used with permission. This story
originally appeared on AOL News at