Chart of Businesses which Received Hazardous Materials Permit, by County.
(photo credit: JERUSALEM INSTITUTE FOR POLICY RESEARCH)
The industrial revolution brought many benefits, such as increased productivity and a reduction in manufacturing costs. However, industries sometimes use materials that have a negative impact on workers’ health and the environment. The State of Israel has implemented regulations for dealing with these hazardous substances. For example, factories, stores, agricultural institutions, gas stations and other businesses involved in the production, storage, distribution or transport of hazardous materials are required to obtain a permit for these activities from the Environmental Protection Ministry. In 2017, Israel’s northern district received 1,310 permits, the highest number in the whole country. The next largest number was 1,138 permits, which were given in central Israel and after that southern Israel, which received 1,083 permits. Five hundred and fifty-eight permits were given in Tel Aviv and 419 in Jerusalem, areas where there is less space to build factories that produce hazardous materials. In addition, these cities have a much higher population density, making them a less than ideal location for building factories.
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