US President Barack Obama 311 (R).
(photo credit: REUTERS/Jim Young)
WASHINGTON - US President Barack Obama will lay out a new US strategy toward a skeptical Arab world on Thursday, offering fresh aid to promote democratic change as he seeks to shape the outcome of popular uprisings threatening both friends and foes.
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In his much-anticipated "Arab spring" speech, Obama will try to reset relations with the Middle East, but his outreach could falter amid Arab frustration over an uneven US response to the region's revolts and his failure to advance Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking.
Obama is expected to unveil new economic aid packages to bolster political transitions in Egypt and Tunisia, nudge autocratic allies like Yemen and Bahrain to undertake reforms and harden his line against Syrian President Bashar Assad.
Struggling to regain the initiative in a week of intense Middle East
diplomacy, Obama is seizing what the White House called a "window of
opportunity" in the wake of the death of Osama bin Laden at the hands of
US Navy SEALs.
"Having wound down the Iraq war ... and having taken out Osama bin
Laden, we are beginning to turn the page to a more positive and hopeful
future for US policy in the region," a senior administration official
told reporters in previewing parts of the president's speech.
Obama aims to articulate a more coherent approach for dealing with
unprecedented political upheaval that has swept the Middle East and
North Africa in recent months, upending decades of US diplomatic
His speech, set for 11:40 a.m. EDT (1540 GMT) at the State Department,
is meant to counter criticism that he has been slow and inconsistent in
responding to the swirl of events.
But he is not expected to stray far from his approach of balancing
support for democratic aspirations with a desire to preserve longtime
partnerships seen as crucial to fighting al-Qaida, containing Iran and
securing vital oil supplies.
However, the risk for Obama is that his policy blueprint, calibrated for
an audience ranging from the Arab masses to Middle Eastern leaders to
the American public and lawmakers, will be too vague and nuanced to
satisfy any of them.
Easier to predict is that he will stoke Arab disappointment with what
will be left out -- fresh US proposals for breaking the impasse between
Jerusalem and the Palestinians.
The conflict remains a central preoccupation of the Arab world.Glow fades after Cairo speech
While Obama will renew his call for the two sides to return to the table
after talks broke down late last year over settlement building, his
push is not expected to be forceful enough to revive negotiations.
Neither is any significant progress expected when Obama holds talks on
Friday with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, with whom he has had a
Obama had raised hopes with his 2009 speech in Cairo promising a "new
beginning" with the Muslim world after years of estrangement under his
predecessor, George W. Bush.
But the glow has faded and polls show anti-Americanism on the rise again.
Unlike Obama's Cairo speech, Thursday's address will focus on new
flashpoints in the Arab world. He is not expected to use the chance to
present an overarching strategy to supplant the case-by-case response he
has applied so far, aides say.
"It won't be a one-size-fits all policy from the United States, but it
will be a recognition that we need pragmatically to see that change is
coming and try to shape it," said Brian Katulis of the Center for
American Progress in Washington.
The administration's announcement on Wednesday of its first sanctions
directly targeting Assad over Syria's violent crackdown on protests was
seen in part as an attempt to quell criticism that Washington was
responding too cautiously.
Obama's domestic opponents have also accused him of acting too timidly
in Libya to break the stalemate between Muammar Gaddafi and rebels
trying to oust him, and of not being tough enough with autocratic allies
in Yemen and Bahrain.
Trying to show reform efforts will not go unrewarded, Obama will use his
speech to unveil aid plans for Egypt and Tunisia, where longtime rulers
were toppled by popular revolts.
Senior advisers to Obama said the United States would offer debt relief
totaling roughly $1 billion over a few years to Egypt. Washington would
also guarantee up to $1 billion in borrowing for Egypt to finance
infrastructure development and boost jobs, the officials said.