Archeological study reveals unique 35,000-year-old culture

The bones were processed to have grooves appearing in a fixed area on the bone. It is reasonable to assume that this was a unique item of the local culture.

By
May 1, 2018 16:48
1 minute read.
Photographs of deer bones found in a cave in the Galilee

Photographs of deer bones found in a cave in the Galilee. (photo credit: COURTESY HEBREW UNIVERSITY)

 
X

Dear Reader,
As you can imagine, more people are reading The Jerusalem Post than ever before. Nevertheless, traditional business models are no longer sustainable and high-quality publications, like ours, are being forced to look for new ways to keep going. Unlike many other news organizations, we have not put up a paywall. We want to keep our journalism open and accessible and be able to keep providing you with news and analyses from the frontlines of Israel, the Middle East and the Jewish World.

As one of our loyal readers, we ask you to be our partner.

For $5 a month you will receive access to the following:

  • A user experience almost completely free of ads
  • Access to our Premium Section
  • Content from the award-winning Jerusalem Report and our monthly magazine to learn Hebrew - Ivrit
  • A brand new ePaper featuring the daily newspaper as it appears in print in Israel

Help us grow and continue telling Israel’s story to the world.

Thank you,

Ronit Hasin-Hochman, CEO, Jerusalem Post Group
Yaakov Katz, Editor-in-Chief

UPGRADE YOUR JPOST EXPERIENCE FOR 5$ PER MONTH Show me later

Deer bones found in a cave in the Galilee have pointed to a unique cultural group that may have arrived in the region from Europe between 35,000 and 38,000 years ago.

Newly published research regarding this group in the Levant (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria), points toward distinct cultural entities with distinguishing characteristics already existing in the early stages of human history.

Be the first to know - Join our Facebook page.


The research was a collaborative effort between Dr. Jose-Miguel Tejero of the French National Center for Scientific Research; Prof. Anna Belfer Cohen and Dr. Rivka Rabinovich of the Archeology Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; emeritus Harvard University Prof. Ofer Bar-Yosef; and Hebrew University’s Dr. Vitaly Gutkin.

The study examined remains of ancient Levantine deer bones, found in the Hayonim Cave in the Western Galilee, and discovered a cultural symbol: bones with specific grooves appearing in a fixed area. The study posits that this may have been a unique symbol of the local ancient culture that acted as a marker for the group – perhaps sewn into a garment or worn as a pendant to differentiate the group’s members from other groups living in the same area.

This is in contrast to other objects found in the area, used for everyday activities, such as hunting, preparing food or processing skins.

Other remains found, which included stone vessels, bone vessels and horns, are similar to remains found of an ancient culture in Western and Central Europe that existed during the years of the Levantine period. Thus, there is a working assumption that the group arrived here from Europe, lasted a relatively short time and then disappeared or merged with the local cultural entities.

“It was interesting to examine systematically the nature of these items which were created out of dissect- ed animals and to note how different they are,” Rabinovich explained.

JPOST VIDEOS THAT MIGHT INTEREST YOU:


“Microscopic observations, as well as data obtained with the help of the scanning electron microscope (which has become an important tool in archeological research), made us aware of the uniqueness of the symbols.”

“Likewise, at the end of each observation like this, the question remains: What were these items really used for? This is the most fascinating part – trying to understand behavior not necessarily tied to survival,” she said.

Join Jerusalem Post Premium Plus now for just $5 and upgrade your experience with an ads-free website and exclusive content. Click here>>

Related Content

Reuven Rivlin David Lau
September 25, 2018
Rivlin pays Sukkot visits to Chief Rabbis Lau and Yosef

By GREER FAY CASHMAN