The Hellenistic horse figurine found near Tel Acre.
(photo credit: NIR DISTELFELD/ ISRAEL ANTIQUITIES AUTHORITY)
This winter’s rains have uncovered two beautiful ancient clay figurines of horses in northern Israel, according to a statement from the Antiquities Authority.
The two figurines were found by civilians at two different sites: one in the area of Kfar Ruppin in the Beit She’an Valley, dating from the Iron Age (about 800-600 BCE); the second was found near Tel Acre and dates from the Hellenistic period (about 200 BCE).
Incidentally enough, the Kfar Ruppin horse figurine was found by an archeologist from the authority. Ayelet Kidder-Goldberg and her two daughters went searching for mushrooms near the site, but found the figurine instead, according to her statement to the authority.
“I immediately recognized that this was an ancient figurine from the Iron Age – the period of the Kingdom of Israel,” she said. “We were very excited. This is a fascinating and spectacular find!”
Horse figurines were common objects during the first millennium BCE (the Iron Age), because the use of horses had greatly increased then, according to Dr. Adi Erlich of the University of Haifa. Biblical stories that mentioned the role of horses also lend anecdotal evidence to their use – be it the exodus from Egypt or the war of Barak and Devora against Sisera – the chariots mentioned in those stories indicate they were horse-drawn, Erlich said.
Horses were considered to be a luxury animal then, and therefore those who owned or rode them were considered to have a higher social status.
“It should be noted that in our region, almost only men were depicted in figurines on horseback, while women were described in the context of fertility, motherhood, sexuality, and more – which attests to gender roles in Iron Age society,” Erlich said.
The figurine found near Kfar Ruppin depicts a horse’s head, with the rider’s left hand visible on its neck. Its styling is typical of the Iron Age II Period (from seventh to ninth centuries BCE), and the red stripes that adorn the figurine, along with the markings of reins and a harness on the horse’s head and neck.
The second figurine was found by Michael Markin, a resident of Acre, and dates back to the second or third century BCE. The figurine had traces of red paint on its ears and mane. While the body of the horse did not survive over time, Erlich said that most horse figurines of this time period were usually found with a rider on their backs.
Thanks to the heavy winter rains, archaeological findings are easier to resurface, sometimes with the help of animals, such as porcupines and foxes, said Nir Distelfeld, inspector of the Antiquities Authority’s Theft Prevention Unit.
“We call on citizens to help connect the historical puzzle of us all, and report when they find an ancient artifact,” Distelfeld said. “It is important to provide as accurate a report as possible on the location of the finds in real time, so we can extract archaeological information from the site.”
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