A day of commemorative events on Tuesday will mark the centennial of the Battle of Beersheba, where Australian and New Zealand forces conquered the city in what has been called one of the last great cavalry battles in history.
That victory, on the first day of the Palestine campaign during World War I, paved the way for the defeat of the Ottomans and an end to their 400-year rule in the country.
The events in the southern Israeli city will be attended by Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and New Zealand Governor General Dame Patricia Reddy.
Tuesday's commemorations will begin at the British World War I cemetery in Beersheba, where Turnbull will participate in a solidarity ceremony and prayer. Other events include the dedication of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps memorial museum in the city, a cavalry parade and a memorial ceremony for New Zealand soldiers.