A three-judge Supreme Court panel on Thursday morning accepted a petition from the Association of Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) against an IDF order preventing Palestinian travel on Route 354, southwest of Hebron.
Supreme Court President Dorit Beinisch, and justices Ayala Procaccia and Eliezer Rivlin, ruled that the order, which aimed to protect residents of a nearby West Bank settlement, was "disproportionate."
The IDF must rescind the restriction, the court said, and find alternative ways to safeguard Jewish settlers in the area.
The closure of the road, also known as Beit Awa, was "meant to protect 150 Jews who reside in the area, but affects thousands of Palestinians," Beinisch said in the ruling.
She added that the order prevented Palestinian residents of the area from "carrying on with their day-to-day lives."
The IDF was given three months to find a new solution.