CAIRO — Egypt's long banned Muslim Brotherhood said Tuesday it intends to form a political party once democracy is established, as the country's new military rulers launched a panel of experts to amend the country's constitution enough to allow democratic elections later this year.
The military is trying to push ahead quickly with a transition after Mubarak resigned Friday in the face of 18 days of unprecedented popular protests that massed hundreds of thousands. The panel is to draw up changes at a breakneck pace — within 10 days — to end the monopoly that ousted President Hosni Mubarak's ruling party once held, which it ensured through widespread election rigging.
'Mubarak's health declining; family refusing treatment'
Premium: JPost reporters in Cairo: Violence as we've never seen it
Egypt’s army to protesters: Leave Tahrir or face arrest
Generals from the Armed Forces Supreme Council, which now rules Egypt, said Tuesday the military wants to hand power to a government and elected president within six months, the firmest timetable yet outlined.
The initial constitutional changes may not be enough for many in Egypt calling for the current constitution, now suspended by the military, to be thrown out completely and rewritten to ensure no one can once again establish autocratic rule. Two members on the panel said the next elected government could further change the document if it choses.
The military's choices for the panel's makeup were a sign of the new political legitimacy of the Muslim Brotherhood, the fundamentalist group that was the most bitter rival of Mubarak's regime. Among the panel's members is Sobhi Saleh, a former lawmaker from the Brotherhood who is seen as part of its reformist wing.
The eight-member committee held its opening meeting with Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi on Tuesday. The panel includes three judges from the Supreme Constitutional Court — one of them a Christian — and legal experts, one of its members, scholar Mohammed Hassanein Abdel-Al, told The Associated Press.
The panel is headed by Tareq el-Bishri, considered one of Egypt's top legal minds. A former judge, he was once a secular leftist but became a prominent thinker in the "moderate Islamic" political trend. He is respected on both sides as a bridge between the movements.
The military is now also urging an end to labor strikes that began spreading wildly across the country last week. The strikes gave an added element of turmoil that which along with rapidly mushrooming protests, prompted the military to force Mubarak into retirement. Strikes have continued since even as the political protests themselves have largely ended.
The dozens of strikes, many hitting state agencies and industries, are a further blow to Egypt's economy, damaged by the three weeks of upheaval. Egypt's Foreign Minster Ahmed Aboul Gheit called on the international community to provide aid to boost Egypt's economy.Muslim Brotherhood is "eager to have a political party"
The Muslim Brotherhood, banned since 1954, could not form a party but ran candidates for parliament as independents. In 2005, it made a surprisingly strong showing, winning 20 percent of parliament's seats. But it was pushed out completely in the most recent election in November and December, plagued by fraud.
The Brotherhood announced Tuesday that it would form a party once promised freer laws are in place.
"The Muslim Brotherhood group believes in the freedom of the formation of political parties. They are eager to have a political party," spokesman Mohammed Mursi said in a statement on the Brotherhood website.
Essam el-Erian, a senior leader in the Brotherhood, said the movement would not run any candidate for upcoming presidential elections, acknowledging that such a move would be too controversial.
"We are not going to have a candidate for the upcoming presidential elections. Its time for solidarity, its time for unity, in my opinion we need a national consensus," he said. But he said the Brotherhood's top leadership had decided on the creation of a party.
The Brotherhood seeks an Islamic state in Egypt, and Mubarak's regime depicted it as aiming to take over the country, launching fierce crackdowns on the group. Some Egyptians remain deeply suspicious of the secretive organization, fearing it will exploit the current turmoil to vault to power.
But others — including the secular, liberal youth activists who launched the anti-Mubarak uprising — say the Brotherhood has to be allowed freedom to compete in a democracy alongside everyone else. Support by young cadres in the Brotherhood was key to the protests' success, providing manpower and organization, though they never came to form a majority in the wave of demonstrations.
On Monday, the coalition of activists who organized the protest movement pushed the military for further steps. In a list of demands Monday, they called for the dissolving of Mubarak's National Democratic Party and for the creation of a Cabinet of technocrats within 30 days. They want it to replace the current caretaker government.
"It is unacceptable that the same government which caused this
revolution with its corrupt ways oversees the transitional period," said
Ziad al-Oleimi, a member of the coalition.
Protesters in Tahrir Square, the symbolic heart of the uprising, have
emptied the area, with the military stepping in to pack up tents and
blankets in the past two days and asking people to leave. The activists'
coalition called for an official end to its demonstrations, in a
gesture to the interim leadership. But protest organizers are planning a
new mass demonstration on Friday, seeking to bring 1 million to the
square to call for the meeting of their demands — including the release
of political detainees and the cancellation of emergency laws.
In a rare admission Sunday, the new interior minister in the caretaker
government said there may be about 10,000 political prisoners in
Egyptian prisons, and that he is reviewing their files. His comments
were published in the daily Al-Masry Al-Youm on Monday. The number
includes opponents jailed for years under Mubarak's regime.