Egyptian media 311.
(photo credit: AP Photo/Ahmed Gomaa)
CAIRO — Egypt has handed down new media requirements that will effectively put all live broadcasts, including TV talk shows and news bulletins, under the control of state television.
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Critics say a sequence of new restrictions on journalists is intended to stifle Egypt's vibrant media landscape a month before parliamentary elections in the authoritarian country.
In the latest measure, the telecommunications regulator is canceling the permits of private companies providing live broadcast services in Egypt, requiring them to get new licenses from state television, several of the companies said Wednesday.
The government measures could be an attempt by authorities to tighten
their grip on information and media commentary as Egypt's political
scene becomes increasingly tense before the parliamentary vote and a
presidential election next year.
There is widespread discontent over increasing poverty and rising food
prices. Vocal opposition figures have emerged and inspired young
activists to call for democratic reforms. Resistance to the idea that
Hosni Mubarak could pass the presidency to his son is also growing.
Several private broadcast service providers said Wednesday that they
received letters from the telecom regulator ending their standing
permits to offer live broadcast feeds from Egypt starting from Friday.
Nader Gohar, the owner of one of the affected companies, said the steps
to acquire new licenses are unclear and are buried in red tape and
crippling requirements. Violators could face jail time.
"I've had to cancel booking and broadcasting for news stations during
the parliament elections," said Gohar, who runs Cairo News Company.
On Tuesday, the same regulatory body also set new rules for companies
sending text messages to multiple mobile phones, a step that activists
say will stifle efforts to mobilize voters before the elections, which
are to be held in the last week of November.
Last week, the Egyptian Journalists' Union accused the government of
cracking down on media critical of authorities, and the leading
independent daily Al-Dustour fired its chief editor, outspoken
government critic Ibrahim Eissa.
The owner of another broadcast services company said the new
requirements could result in him shutting down his business if his
application for a new permit is denied. He also said it is illogical to
force companies to ask for permits from state TV because it offers the
same service and is a competitor.
He spoke on condition of anonymity because he did not want to draw attention before the new licensing procedures are completed.