Egyptian soldiers clearing Tahrir Square 311 AP.
(photo credit: AP)
Egypt's new military leadership was planning to issue an order banning labor strikes on Monday, Al Jazeera reported.
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Citing a military source, the report said that Egypt's Supreme Military Council was expected to issue an order banning meetings by labor unions and professional syndicates and to order Egyptians back to work.
Also on Monday, the
remaining protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square were given an ultimatum by
the Egyptian military. In an effort to finally clear the square
of protesters who have camped there for three weeks, the army told them they must leave or face arrest, Reuters reported.
Thousands of Egyptian state employees, from ambulance drivers to
policemen and transport workers, protested Monday in Cairo to demand
better pay and conditions in a wave of labor unrest unleashed by the
uprising that ousted former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak.
Outside the Nile-side TV and state radio building, hundreds of public
transport workers demonstrated to demand better pay. Several hundred
protesters from the state Youth and Sports Organization also protested
Monday in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square with similar demands.
Across the Nile River in the Giza district, hundreds of ambulance
drivers staged a protest, also to demand better pay and permanent jobs.
They parked at least 70 ambulances on a roadside along the river, but
did not block the main road where they protested.
In downtown Cairo, some 200 policemen demonstrated for better pay for a
second day. They also want to clear the name of the hated police,
further tarnished by the deadly clashes between protesters and security
forces. Some carried portraits of policemen killed in the clashes.
"These are victims of the regime too," declared one placard.
The Central Bank of Egypt ordered banks across the country closed
following a strike by employees of the National Bank, the largest state
bank. Tuesday is a national holiday in Egypt to mark the birth of
Islam's 7th century Prophet Muhammad. The banks were scheduled to reopen
The stock market, however, will stay closed Wednesday and Thursday, the
final weekday in Egypt. A previous announcement had said it would reopen
Wednesday, ending a three-week closure that began after the market lost
almost 17 percent of its value in two days of trading in late January.
Monday's protests came one day after the ruling military rulers took
sweeping action to dismantle Mubarak's autocratic legacy, dissolving
parliament, suspending the constitution and promising elections.
The generals also met Sunday with representatives of the broad-based
youth movement that brought down the government. Prominent activist Wael
Ghonim posted on a Facebook page he manages notes from the meeting
between members of the military council and youth representatives, which
he described as encouraging.
The military defended the caretaker government led by Egyptian Prime
Minister Ahmed Shafiq and stocked with Mubarak loyalists as necessary
for now in the interests of stability but pledged to soon change it,
according to Ghonim and another protester, Amr Salama.
"They said they will go after corrupt people no matter what their
position current or previous," the posted statement added. Amendments to
the much-reviled constitution will be prepared by an independent
committee over the next 10 days and then presented for approval in a
popular referendum to be held in two months, they said.
The military also encouraged the youth to consider forming political
parties — something very difficult to do under the old system — and
pledged to meet with them regularly.
"We felt a sincere desire to protect the gains of the revolution and an
unprecedented respect for the right of young Egyptians to express their
opinions," Ghonim said.