Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh 311 Reu.
(photo credit: REUTERS)
SANAA - A Saudi and Gulf Arab plan for Yemen's president to step down and end a political crisis will guarantee the veteran leader and his family immunity from prosecution, an opposition source said on Thursday.
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The United States and Gulf Arab countries including Yemen's key financial backer, Saudi Arabia, now appear ready to push aside a long-time ally against al Qaida's Yemen-based wing to avoid a chaotic collapse of the poorest Arab state.
Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh's at times violent response over the past two months to mass protests against his 32-year rule, inspired by uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia, has tried the patience of Washington and Riyadh, both of which have been the target of attempted attacks by al Qaida's Yemeni branch.
The Gulf proposal for talks in Riyadh was presented to Saleh and a coalition of opposition parties this week. Saleh welcomed it, and Gulf sources said it envisaged handing power to an interim council of tribal and political leaders who would help appoint a national unity government ahead of elections.
An opposition source said the proposal would give Saleh and his family, whose control over key posts has long irked Yemenis, immunity from prosecution for corruption.
The proposal would also see Saleh hand over power to a vice-president, the source said. Current incumbent Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi has said he does not want such a role, which suggests Saleh would appoint a new figure.
"They informed the opposition that their vision is based on Saleh leaving power after handing authority to his deputy and then forming a national unity government that will prepare a new constitution ... and parliament elections," he said.
"The Gulf vision is also based on Saleh's proposal that both he and General Ali Mohsen ... leave Yemen, and the Gulf countries have committed to guarantees that Saleh and his family will not face prosecution after they leave," the source added.
Saleh has been trying for several weeks to involve Saudi Arabia, his most important foreign backer, sending his foreign minister to Riyadh two weeks ago.
"We hope that we will strike a deal," Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim told reporters on the sidelines of a conference in New York on Wednesday.
"We (Gulf states) have been meeting for the last few days in Riyadh and we're sending a proposal for him and the opposition and we hope a meeting will be held between his team and the opposition to try to find a way out of this problem," he said.
Gulf Arabs have begun circulating names of people who could a transitional council, one Gulf source said.
They include Sheikh Hamid al-Ahmar, a leading figure among Yemen's powerful tribes; Abdulkarim al-Iryani, a US-educated former prime minister and currently an adviser to Saleh; and another former premier Abdulaziz Abdul-Ghani.
"The proposal is to have a governing council grouping all the various political parties and tribes for a period that would not exceed three months," he said, adding the plan would be presented to Saleh and his opponents at talks soon in Riyadh.
"The talks in Saudi Arabia will discuss the modalities and mechanism for
transition of power," another source close to the discussions told
Reuters. "There are some names being circulated to head a transitional
But it is not clear whether any of these could win support among the
opposition, which includes the Islamist Islah party, socialists, Arab
nationalists and others.
Opposition sources say Saleh trusts his Saudi ally to make sure the
leader of the council is a figure acceptable to him. The council would
appoint the national unity government in coordination with the
Saleh-appointed vice president.
Saleh is a clever operator who has survived many tussles with rivals,
and skilfully used bribes and favors to keep tribal and political
But keeping his allies' loyalty has become more difficult as Yemen sinks
into an economic crisis. More than 40 percent of Yemenis live on less
than $2 a day while a third face chronic hunger. Dwindling water and oil
supplies are also problems.
Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter and key ally and funder
of Saleh, fears that its neighbor could fragment along tribal or
regional lines if a way is not found out of the crisis soon -- something
Saleh has warned of in recent speeches.
Washington has long seen Saleh as a pivotal ally in its fight against al
Qaida. In return for billions of dollars in military aid, Saleh has
pledged to fight militants and allowed unpopular U.S. air strikes on
Some analysts say Saleh pays more attention to Riyadh.
"I don't think the United States is a player, they have much less
influence ... the only country Saleh cares about is Saudi Arabia," said
analyst Barak Barfi of the New America Foundation.
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