Rebel fighters in Libya 311 (R).
(photo credit: REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic)
TRIPOLI - Western warplanes bombed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's armor in eastern Libya on Friday to try to break a battlefield stalemate and help rebels take the strategic town of Ajdabiyah.
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The African Union said it was planning to facilitate talks to help end war in the oil producing country. But NATO said its no-fly zone operation could last three months, and France cautioned the conflict would not end soon.
Gates says Libyans, not West will determine fate
In Washington, a US military spokeswoman said the coalition fired 16
Tomahawk cruise missiles and flew 153 air sorties in the past 24 hours
targeting Gaddafi's artillery, mechanized forces and command and control
Western governments hope the raids, launched on Saturday with the aim of
protecting civilians, will shift the balance of power in favor of the
Arab world's most violent popular revolt.
In Tripoli, residents reported another air raid just before dawn,
hearing the roar of a warplane, followed by a distant explosion and
bursts of anti-aircraft gunfire.
Rebel forces massing for an attack on the strategically important town
of Ajdabiyah fired steady bursts of artillery at army positions after
Gaddafi's forces refused a ceasefire offer.
Opposition forces on the road to Ajdabiyah seemed more organized than in
recent days, when their disarray stirred doubts about their ability to
They had set up road blocks at regular intervals and Reuters counted at
least four truck-based rocket launchers -- heavier weaponry than had
been seen earlier this week.
Winning back Ajdabiyah would be the biggest victory for the eastern
rebels since their initial push westwards went into reverse two weeks
ago and the better equipped Gaddafi forces drove them back towards the
rebel stronghold of Benghazi.
It would also suggest that allied airstrikes are could be capable of helping rebel fighters topple Gaddafi.'Not days, weeks'
At African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, AU commission chairman
Jean Ping said it was planning to facilitate talks to help end the
conflict in a process that should end with democratic elections.
It was the first statement by the AU, which had rejected any form of
foreign intervention in the Libya crisis, since the UN Security Council
imposed a no-fly zone last week and air strikes began on Libyan military
But in Brussels, a NATO official said planning for NATO's no-fly
operation assumed a mission lasting 90 days, although this could be
extended or shortened as required.
France said the war could drag on for weeks.
"I doubt that it will be days," Admiral Edouard Guillaud, the head of
French armed forces, told France Info radio. "I think it will be weeks. I
hope it will not take months."
Guillaud said a French plane destroyed an army artillery battery near
the eastern frontline town of Ajdabiyah, 150 km (90 miles) south of
Benghazi. Ajdabiyah is strategically important for both sides as it
commands the coastal highway to the west.
In London, the Ministry of Defense said British Tornado aircraft had
also been active there, firing missiles overnight at Libyan military
vehicles threatening civilians.
Later in the afternoon, Western warplanes were again active over
Ajdabiyah and a Reuters correspondent close to the town heard three
large explosions and large plumes of black smoke rising above the
eastern entrance to the town.
A rocket apparently fired from rebel positions then hit the eastern gate, sending a fireball into the sky.
"The eastern gate has fallen and we are sending a team to check before
moving forward," rebel Colonel Hamad al-Hasi told Reuters near the town.
In the eastern rebel bastion of Benghazi, rebel spokesman Mustafa
Gheriani said he expected Ajdabiyah to fall on Friday or Saturday
following the overnight British and French strikes.
"[The strikes] will weaken their forces and more importantly their
morale," he said, adding the level of Western strikes was "sufficient.
We feel safe under their protection".
Simon Brooks, head of the International Committee of the Red Cross
operations in eastern Libya, reported big population movements from the
Ajdabiyah area because of the fighting.
The ICRC was sending 700 tents to the area of Ajdabiyah to help
displaced people, he said. In Ajdabiyah, the hospital "is obviously very
close to where the fighting is going on. It is extremely difficult for
people to get access to the hospital."
Officials and rebels said aid organizations were able to deliver some
supplies to the western city of Misrata but were concerned because of
government snipers in the city center.
NATO said on Thursday after four days of tough negotiations that it
would enforce the no-fly zone but stopped short of taking full command
of UN-backed military operations to protect civilians from forces loyal
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