A man prays at a makeshift memorial outside the Tree of Life synagogue following Saturday's shooting at the synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S., October 31, 2018.
(photo credit: CATHAL MCNAUGHTON/REUTERS)
Education and Diaspora Affairs Minister Naftali Bennett rushed to Pittsburgh this week to represent the government of Israel at memorial events following the terrorist massacre in the Tree of Life Synagogue. So did Israeli Consul General in New York Dani Dayan.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his cabinet offered every possible assistance to American Jewry. A semi-secret cabinet-level forum, including Mossad representatives, is scheduled to meet to discuss security for world Jewry.
Israeli solidarity with US Jews at this time of suffering is worthy and important, even if some US Jews were quick to reject the Netanyahu government’s good wishes. In today’s highly charged political environment, they see guns laws and the rhetoric of President Trump as part of the problem, and they feel Netanyahu is too close to Trump.
I think it is a big mistake on the part of these US Jews to politicize the fight against antisemitism, and to willy-nilly drive the liberal-conservative divide into that fight, when healing and harmony are the much better and more needed sentiment in world Jewish affairs.
It’s worth appreciating the fact that Israelis have a come a long way in learning to value the Jewish Diaspora. Not always has the State of Israel seen the struggle against antisemitism around the world as its fight. This is not something to be taken for granted.
For the first 25 years of Israel’s existence, the unspoken attitude in Jerusalem was, “If Jews abroad have a problem with antisemites, they can always migrate to Israel.” Immersed in the business of building and defending the Jewish nation-state, Israel’s leaders had no time for “troubles of the Diaspora past.”
Attitudes began to change after the Yom Kippur War. The campaign of political delegitimization against Israel launched by Arab countries led to the infamous “Zionism is Racism” resolution at the UN, and a ton of propaganda that blended anti-Zionism with antisemitism. The Big Lie entered intellectual discourse.
After the Rue Copernic Paris Synagogue bombing in 1980 and other terrorist attacks, prime minister Menachem Begin took the decision to have Israeli officials begin advising Jewish communities abroad on security measures, and response to antisemitism began to find its place on Israel’s agenda.
With the disintegration of the Communist bloc, an enhanced role for Israeli diplomacy regarding antisemitism also became more necessary and possible. Jerusalem intervened and pressed for government crackdowns on official and street manifestations of antisemitism in the emerging states of the former USSR.
In the late 1980s, then-cabinet secretary (and later Supreme Court justice) Elyakim Rubinstein established an “Inter-Ministerial Forum for Monitoring Antisemitism,” and expanded it to include Diaspora Jewish representatives and academic experts. The forum compiled reports on antisemitism around the world and eventually won a place on the Israeli cabinet’s agenda, reporting once a year.
THE 2001 World Conference against Racism, known as Durban I, turned into one of the greatest displays of organized anti-Jewish and anti-Israel hate ever. It was a horrible watershed moment that clarified how antisemitism had become a strategic threat. It traumatized even many Israelis.
In 2003, then-minister for Jerusalem and Diaspora affairs Natan Sharansky founded the Global Forum against Antisemitism (of which I was the coordinator), involving Jewish leaders and intellectuals. “The State of Israel has decided to take the gloves off and implement a coordinated counteroffensive against antisemitism,” Sharansky wrote. “The State of Israel will play, as it always should, a central role in defending the Jewish People.”
In 2016, the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) adopted a working definition of antisemitism based on Sharansky’s work, which includes prohibitions on using double standards to single out Israel or denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination. (By this definition, it is antisemitic to claim that the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor, to compare Israel to Nazi Germany, or to use symbols associated with classic antisemitism like the blood libel to characterize Israel or Israelis).
But much of the self-styled human rights community has studiously ignored the IHRA framework. Groups such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the World Council of Churches reject the definitions described above, and frequently stray into antisemitic territory in their incessant and fierce criticism of Israel. They also have studiously ignored the vast amounts of antisemitic materials emanating from the Arab world.
Today, everybody agrees that combating “cyberhate,” including antisemitism and anti-Zionism, is a top priority. Israel’s Justice Ministry even has a department dedicated to the fight against online incitement. And the Global Forum against Antisemitism, now under the auspices of the Israeli Foreign Affairs and Diaspora ministries, is tackling Christian theological antisemitism, Holocaust revisionism, Palestinian denial of Jewish history, campus antisemitism, legislative assaults on Jewish practices like ritual slaughter and circumcision, and even antisemitism in sports.
Some experts warn that unless the rising tide of hate crimes in the US is turned back, American Jewry will have to undergo a process of European-style fortress-ization. Synagogues and Jewish community centers in the US may need to be protected from neo-Nazis just as synagogues and Jewish community centers in Europe are protected from radical Islamists.
This means the adding of multi-layered defenses to Jewish sites, including security screening with armed guards, surveillance systems, panic rooms and sterile zones.
If this is the unfortunate fate of American Jewish institutional life – I hope not! – Israeli security expertise undoubtedly will prove helpful.
In the meantime, Israeli and Diaspora Jews should band together to draw strength from solidarity, jointly combat hate, and raise the flag of unafraid and vibrant Jewish life everywhere. Keep partisan politics out of it.The writer is vice president of the Jerusalem Institute for Strategic Studies, jiss.org.il. His personal site is davidmweinberg.com.
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