The Industry, Trade and Labor Ministry's research committee, headed by Chief Scientist Eli Ofer, approved eight research and development programs, bringing investments to NIS 20.8 million in total, the ministry said Tuesday. Of the total, two were approved in electronics, matching NIS 2.3m. in state grants with NIS 4.3m. of self-funding; three were approved in programming, in which a grant of NIS 2.5m. enabled a total of NIS 6.2m. to be invested; and three more were approved in the fields of medical equipment, plastics, and miscellaneous, granting NIS 3.3m for a total investment of NIS 8m.