Israeli social workers discovered Ismail six years ago in a Beduin settlement near Jerusalem. The half-naked, severely retarded seven-year-old was tied to a pole inside a tent, completely ignored by his family. The parents, themselves retarded and with six other children, couldn't care for him. Welfare authorities contacted the House of Hope in Bethlehem to ask if they would help. "Our residential facility was not really prepared for this kind of case," recalls director Rhoda David, "but the staff were so touched by the case they said we'll keep him no matter what."