From our archives [pg.14]

Sun.-Tue. 65 YEARS AGO On July 27, 1941, The Palestine Post reported that following the Japanese occupation of Indochina, both the US and Britain embarked on an economic war on Japan, cutting Tokyo off from many important sources of supply. Japan retaliated by announcing an economic war on Britain and the US. Moscow announced that the Red Army was valiantly holding back the renewed German offensive. According to official Soviet sources, Germany was currently planning to attack Turkey, in order to complete a plan for a major pincer movement which would allow the Wehrmacht to attack the Suez Canal zone from both the West and the North. British forces succeeded in holding Tobruk defenses after a fierce two-day battle. 50 YEARS AGO On July 27, 1956, The Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President Abdul Nasser shocked the world by unilaterally nationalizing the Suez Canal. In a major address to the Egyptian people, Nasser announced that the nationalization of the canal would help Egypt financially in building the vital Aswan Dam. Nasser had also attacked Israel as an "imperialist" country, serving Western interests in the area. In Geneva UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold issued a "strong new appeal" to Israel and the Arab states to observe the cease-fire agreement. He added that upon his impending return to New York he would see that the cease-fire was strictly observed by both sides. Egypt and Syria sent delegations to Moscow to discuss various subjects of military and civilian cooperation. A Russian technical mission arrived in Damascus. 25 YEARS AGO On July 27, 1981, The Jerusalem Post reported the Israeli government denials that the recent cease-fire in Lebanon was achieved by secret negotiations with the PLO. The Arab League welcomed the letter from the Phalangist leader, Bashir Jemayel, to Lebanese President Elias Sarkis in which Jemayel declared his intention to sever all his former ties with Israel. US Secretary of State Alexander Haig had given Israel an open-handed, written commitment to keep the multinational Sinai peacekeeping force in existence. Shlomi and Ma'alot were given the status of border towns. - Alexander Zvielli