In a society as diverse as Israel’s, we would expect occasional friction between people on the basis of the social variations between their groups. The results of the 2016 Social Survey conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics reveal that more people in Jerusalem report encountering discrimination in almost all of the types of discrimination examined, than in Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Haifa and the general population.Nearly 22% of Jerusalem’s respondents said that they encountered discrimination based on their religious group, as opposed to about 9% in Haifa and in the general population, and about 7% in Tel Aviv. A larger percentage (18%) of Jerusalem respondents said that they had experienced discrimination based on nationality than in Haifa (12%), the general population in Israel (10%), and Tel Aviv-Jaffa (7%).One of the main reasons for the differences between the populations in Jerusalem and the other cities is that Jerusalem has the most diverse population. There is a large haredi population there (about 34% of the Jewish population) and a large Muslim population (about 36% of the total population in the city). The high percentage of Arab residents in Jerusalem (37%) as compared to the entire country (21%), Haifa (11%), and Tel Aviv-Jaffa (4%) explains the greater percentage of Jerusalem respondents who responded that they encountered discrimination based on nationality.While only 8% of the Jewish respondents in Jerusalem indicated that they encountered discrimination based on nationality, more than 38% of the Arab respondents said that they had encountered this kind of discrimination.The percentage of respondents who were asked whether they encountered discrimination related to their nationality at the workplace was much lower – only 3% both in Jerusalem and in the rest of the country, reported that they encountered discrimination related to their nationality at work.The only area where the survey found that residents of Jerusalem encountered less discrimination than in Tel Aviv-Jaffa was in the area of age discrimination. About 10% of the residents of Tel Aviv-Jaffa responded that they encountered such discrimination, as opposed to 8% of the residents of Jerusalem and 7% of the residents in Haifa and in all of Israel. Also at the workplace itself, a higher percentage (6%) of the residents of Tel Aviv-Jaffa encountered age-based discrimination than did residents of Jerusalem (about 4%).Translated by Gilah Kahn.