Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim country, has suffered a series of terrorist attacks in recent years carried out by, or blamed on, members of Southeast Asian militant group Jemaah Islamiyah:
July 2009: A pair of bombs explode inside the neighboring Ritz-Carlton and Marriott hotels in Jakarta, but there is no immediate claim of responsibility. At least nine killed and more than 50 wounded.
November 8, 2008: Government executes three Islamic militants for the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people.
June 2007: Authorities arrest the alleged leader of Jemaah Islamiyah, Afghan-trained militant Abu Dujana, along with seven other suspected terrorists in raids on Java.
November 2005: Bomb-making expert Azahari bin Husin is shot dead during a police raid on a terrorist safehouse on Java island. Information from that raid leads to other arrests. Fugitive Noordin Top appears on video soon after, threatening more attacks.
October 2005: Triple suicide bombers kill 20 in attacks on restaurants on Bali.
September 2004: A suicide bomber detonates a ton of explosives packed into a delivery van outside the Australian Embassy, killing 11 and wounding 200.
September-October 2003: Imam Samudra, convicted of masterminding the Bali bombings, and his accomplice Ali Ghufron, a fellow Afghan-trained militant who bragged of his friendship with Osama bin Laden, are sentenced to death.
August 2003: Suicide bomber attacks the J.W. Marriott Hotel, killing 11.