The IAF declared the full operational capability of its upgraded Elbit Systems Hermes-900 “Kochav” unmanned aerial vehicle on Wednesday after a lengthy series of tests performed by the flight-test squadron.According to a statement released by the IDF, the main objective of the upgrade was to double the power and capabilities of the UAV in as many aspects as possible, including its size, carrying capacity, flight time and flight range. Other upgrades to the UAV included its communication systems, modes of operation and maintenance methods.“This was done in order to optimize and facilitate the absorption of the new UAV into the existing infrastructure, without changes in length of training,” the statement read, adding that despite the similarity of the UAVs, the process included a series of trial flights and the adapting of combat doctrines.The Hermes-900 is Elbit Systems’ next-generation multirole, medium altitude, long endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial system (UAS), with a flight altitude of more than 30,000 feet and flight capabilities in all weather conditions.The Hermes-900 has a wingspan of 15 m., is 8.3-m. long, has a max takeoff weight of 1,100 kg. and has a maximum payload weight of 300 kg.Based on Elbit’s Hermes-450 UAS with over 300,000 operational flight hours, the Hermes- 900 is used for both ground support and maritime patrol missions, as well as for integrated multi-platform, multi-sensor operations.It has double the power and capabilities of the Hermes-450 and is able to carry a wide range of intelligence-gathering payloads and capable of performing missions for area dominance and persistent surveillance, target acquisition and intelligence gathering. The Kochav had its first operational mission in the IAF on July 15, 2014, over the skies of the Gaza Strip during Operation Protective Edge, supporting a mission that ended with an air strike that destroyed Hamas terrorist infrastructure. During the conflict the Kochav accumulated hundreds of flight hours with an extremely high success rate.In a December 2015 interview with The Jerusalem Post, Elad Aharonson, executive vice president and general manager of the Intelligence and ISTAR (intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance) Division at Elbit, the upgrades were done to tailor the Hermes-900 to the IDF’s need to monitor quickly disappearing guerrilla-terrorist targets.According to foreign media reports, Israel is considered a leading exporter of drones, with IAI and Elbit, selling UAVs to countries including Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Mexico and Singapore.The Hermes-900 was used during the 2014 soccer World Cup in Brazil, and last year the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali signed a three-year contract with Thales UK to lease the drone for use in Mali, with the option to extend the contract another two years if necessary.