Betta Fish Care: Advocating for proper care guide tips & details

  (photo credit: JV Betta)
(photo credit: JV Betta)

Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are among the most popular choices for aquarium enthusiasts. With their vibrant colors and graceful fins, they make for stunning aquatic pets. However, taking care of betta fish goes beyond just placing them in a bowl. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore the ins and outs of betta fish care to ensure that these beautiful creatures thrive in their environments and also where to buy betta fish online.

Betta Fish History

Betta fish (Betta splendens) are native to the shallow waters of Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and parts of Malaysia and Indonesia. In their natural habitat, these fish inhabit rice paddies, slow-moving streams, and even standing water in areas with dense vegetation. The name "Betta" is derived from the Thai word "ikan betah," which means "persistent fish." These fish thrive in warm water environments and can exhibit a wide range of stunning colors and fin shapes.

Today, Betta fish are popular pets worldwide. They are widely available in pet stores and are cherished for their aesthetic appeal and low-maintenance care requirements. However, it's important for owners to provide appropriate living conditions and care to ensure the well-being of these beautiful fish.

1. Setting Up the Ideal Habitat

Choosing the right size tank for your betta fish is crucial for their well-being and overall health. The absolute minimum tank size for a betta fish is around 5 gallons (19 liters). However, for optimal health and happiness, it's recommended to go for a larger tank if possible. A 10-gallon (38-liter) tank is a great choice for a single betta fish. Larger tanks provide more stable water parameters and ample space for swimming, exploring, and establishing territories. Choose a tank with appropriate filtration and heating systems. Betta fish are tropical fish that thrive in water temperatures around 78-80°F (25-27°C). A heater will help maintain a consistent temperature, and a gentle filter will keep the water clean and oxygenated.

Bettas appreciate places to hide, rest, and explore. Live or silk plants, caves, and decorations not only make the tank visually appealing but also provide hiding spots to reduce stress. If you plan to keep tank mates with your betta, choose species that are compatible and won't cause stress or aggression. Always research the specific requirements and behavior of potential tank mates. Before setting up your betta's tank, take the time to research their care requirements. Understanding their behavior, dietary needs, and habitat preferences will help you create the best environment for your fish.

2. Feeding Your Betta Fish

Feeding your betta fish the right diet is essential for their health and vitality. Betta fish are carnivorous, which means they primarily eat protein-rich foods. Occasionally supplement their diet with frozen or live foods like brine shrimp or high-quality betta pellets that are specifically formulated for betta fish. These foods mimic their natural diet and help promote vibrant colors and good health. 

Establish a feeding routine to help your betta fish anticipate when they'll receive food.  Feed your betta fish small portions that they can consume within a few minutes, 2-3 times a day. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, bloating, and poor water quality. Stick to the recommended feeding amounts and adjust as needed based on your betta's appetite and activity level. 

3. Promoting Betta Health

Keeping your betta fish healthy involves a combination of proper care, attention to their environment, and understanding their unique needs. Preventive measures and medical treatment are crucial aspects of caring for your betta fish's health. Keep an eye out for signs of illnesses like fin rot, ich, and swim bladder disorders. Early detection increases the chances of successful treatment.

By taking proactive steps and knowing how to respond to potential health issues, you can ensure your betta lives a long and healthy life. Maintaining a clean tank, a balanced diet, and a stable environment prevent diseases.

4. Breeding Betta Fish

Breeding betta fish can be a rewarding but complex process that requires careful planning and attention to detail. 

Breeding bettas require careful preparation, separate breeding tanks, and controlled conditions. Feed the selected bettas high-quality, protein-rich live or frozen foods for a few weeks to improve their overall health and reproductive readiness.

Prepare a separate breeding tank that's at least 10-20 gallons in size. A taller tank is better as bettas tend to build bubble nests near the surface. Maintain the water temperature around 80-82°F (26-28°C) and ensure the water is clean and free from toxins. Use a heater and a gentle filter. Add floating plants or other floating objects to provide hiding spots for the female to escape from the male's aggression.

Introduce the female into the breeding tank first. After a day, introduce the male. The male will likely start building a bubble nest. Monitor their behavior closely. The male may initially chase the female, but if he becomes overly aggressive, remove the female and try again later. 

Breeding bettas require careful attention, patience, and dedication. It's important to be prepared for the challenges that can arise during the breeding process. Research thoroughly and seek advice from experienced breeders to increase your chances of success.

Where To Buy Betta Fish Online

When looking to buy betta fish online, it's important to choose reputable and ethical sources that prioritize the well-being of the fish. When purchasing betta fish online, keep the following tips in mind:

  • Look for reviews, ratings, and feedback from other buyers to ensure the seller's credibility and the quality of their fish.
  • Look for reviews, ratings, and feedback from other buyers to ensure the seller's credibility and the quality of their fish. 
  • When the fish arrives, it's a good practice to quarantine it in a separate tank before introducing it to your main tank. This helps prevent the potential spread of diseases to your existing fish.

Here are a few websites that were commonly mentioned as reliable sources for buying betta fish online:

JV Betta: 

JV Betta is a well-known online retailer that offers a variety of betta fish. They typically have a selection of bettas with detailed descriptions.


Aquabid is an online auction platform where betta breeders and sellers list their fish. It's a popular platform for finding a wide variety of betta fish, including rare and unique colorations.


This website specializes in bettas and offers various types and colors of betta fish for sale.


eBay is another platform where you can find betta fish for sale, but be cautious and ensure you're buying from a reputable seller with positive feedback.


Proper betta fish care goes beyond aesthetics; it's a commitment to the well-being of these magnificent creatures. By creating an ideal habitat, maintaining water quality, and understanding their unique needs, you can provide a happy and healthy life for your betta fish.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can bettas live in bowls?

While they can survive, bowls are inadequate. A properly sized tank is essential for their well-being.

2. How often should I clean the tank?

Regular partial water changes are recommended every 1-2 weeks, depending on the tank's size and bio-load.

3. Are bettas aggressive towards other fish?

Male bettas are territorial and can be aggressive towards other males and fish with similar appearances. Female bettas can be kept together in groups, known as sororities, with careful monitoring.

4. Can I use tap water for my betta tank?

Tap water can be used, but it must be treated with a water conditioner to remove chlorine and chloramines, which are harmful to fish.

5. What do I do if my betta seems unwell?

Quarantine the fish if possible and assess symptoms. Research common betta illnesses and consult with a veterinarian if needed.

This article was written in cooperation with JV Betta