A Health Ministry financial report on the four health funds for 2009, released
for publication on Sunday, fails to uncover any wrongdoing by Kupat Holim
Meuhedet, even though the state comptroller last week issued a 286- page report
full of allegations against the third-largest public health insurer.
report was prepared by the ministry’s branch for supervision of the health funds
and the private accounting company Hillman and Partners. It notes that “for the
fifth year in a row,” Meuhedet had a balanced budget.
said in his report that Meuhedet made significant profits by paying freelance
contractors to induce tens of thousands of haredim to switch from other health
funds to Meuhedet by giving them gifts; haredim are regarded as “desirable”
members because they are young, have large families and are largely unaware of
expensive treatments to which they are entitled.
The health funds are
compensated for their expenditures with per-capita distribution of health taxes
by the National Insurance Institute, thus having more members whose medical care
is relatively cheap is important.
The comptroller’s report also accused
senior Meuhedet administrators of establishing contacts with supplier companies
owned by their relatives; allowing its chief pharmacist to run his private
pharmacy with health fund staffers; and sending staffers and themselves on
luxury vacations abroad.
Last week, the director of the ministry
division, lawyer Dr. Yoel Lipschitz, said he was hired to be a “guard dog” but
not to detect criminal acts by health fund administrators.
Services (the second-largest fund), Kupat Holim Leumit (the smallest) and
Meuhedet all finished 2009 without a deficit; Meuhedet ended up with a surplus
of NIS 400,000, but Clalit Health Services had a deficit of NIS 165 million
(less than half its 2008 deficit). Clalit has failed to balance its books since
Capitation rules will next year increase the income of health funds
such as Clalit that have more elderly members and reduce the income of those
with fewer elderly such as Meuhedet and Maccabi.
The health funds spent
an average of 43 percent of their NIS 31 billion income last year on
hospitalization, 25% on paying salaries and 17.7% on purchasing
Health fund members paid NIS 1.728b. on copayments for their
In 2009, Clalit membership declined from 53.3% of the
population to 52.9%; Maccabi increased from 24.1% to 24.4%; Meuhedet from 13.2%
to 13.4%; and Leumit declined from 9.4% to 9.3%. But Clalit gets more in health
taxes because it has more members with serious diseases that are expensive to
Clalit and Maccabi spent a bit less on each member in 2009
compared to 2008, while Meuhedet and Leumit spent a bit more. All the health
funds spent about NIS 4,100 on each member.