TOKYO — A tsunami that raced across the Pacific swiped island nations
and Asian coasts lightly Sunday, proving to be more spectacle than
destructive force for communities that had hours to prepare after
Chile's devastating earthquake.
Hundreds of thousands of people
fled shorelines for higher ground after the Pacific Tsunami Warning
Center in Hawaii warned 53 nations and territories that a tsunami had
been generated by Saturday's magnitude-8.8 earthquake. After the center
lifted its warning, some countries kept their own watches in place as a
In Japan, the biggest wave hit the northern island
of Hokkaido. There were no immediate reports of damage from the
1.2-meter wave, though some piers were briefly flooded.
As it crossed the Pacific, the tsunami dealt populated areas — including the US state of Hawaii — only a glancing blow.
tsunami raised fears Pacific nations could suffer from disastrous waves
like those that killed 230,000 people around the Indian Ocean in
December 2004, which happened with little-to-no warning and much
confusion about the impending waves.
Officials said the opposite
occurred after the Chile quake: They overstated their predictions of
the size of the waves and the threat.
"We expected the waves to
be bigger in Hawaii, maybe about 50 percent bigger than they actually
were," said Gerard Fryer, a geophysicist for the warning center. "We'll
be looking at that."
Japan, fearing the tsunami could gain force
as it moved closer, put all of its eastern coastline on tsunami alert
and ordered hundreds of thousands of residents in low-lying areas to
seek higher ground as waves raced across the Pacific at hundreds of
kilometers per hour.
Japan is particularly sensitive to the tsunami threat.
July 1993 a tsunami triggered by a major earthquake off Japan's
northern coast killed more than 200 people on the small island of
Okushiri. A stronger quake near Chile in 1960 created a tsunami that
killed about 140 people in Japan.
Towns along northern coasts
issued evacuation orders to 400,000 residents, Japanese public
broadcaster NHK said. NHK switched to emergency mode, broadcasting a
map with the areas in most danger and repeatedly urging caution.
the wave crossed the ocean, Japan's Meteorological Agency said waves of
up to three meters could hit the northern prefectures of Aomori, Iwate
and Miyagi, but the first waves were much smaller.
their families into cars, but there were no reports of panic or traffic
jams. Fishermen secured their boats, and police patrolled beaches,
using sirens and loudspeakers to warn people to leave the area.
Kesennuma, northern Japan, seawater flooded streets near the coast for
about four hours before receding but caused little impact to people.
But the tsunami passed gently by most locations.
the time the tsunami hit Hawaii — a full 16 hours after the quake —
officials had already spent the morning blasting emergency sirens,
blaring warnings from airplanes and ordering residents to higher
ground. The Navy moved a half dozen vessels out of Pearl Harbor and a
cruiser out of Naval Base San Diego to avoid the surge.
beaches were desolate, million-dollar homes were evacuated, shops in
Waikiki were closed and residents filled supermarkets and gas stations
to stock up on supplies. But after the morning scare, the islands were
back to paradise by the afternoon.
Waves hit California, but barely registered amid stormy weather. A surfing contest outside San Diego went on as planned.
Tonga, where up to 50,000 people fled inland hours ahead of the
tsunami, the National Disaster Office had reports of a wave up to 6.5
two meters high hitting a small northern island, deputy director Mali'u
Takai said. There were no initial indications of damage.
people died in Tonga last September when the Samoa tsunami slammed the
small northern island of Niuatoputapu, wiping out half of the main
In Samoa, where 183 people died in the tsunami five
months ago, thousands remained Sunday morning in the hills above the
coasts on the main island of Upolu, but police said there were no
reports of waves or sea surges hitting the South Pacific nation.
least 20,000 people abandoned their homes in southeastern Philippine
villages and took shelter in government buildings or fled to nearby
mountains overnight. Provincial officials scrambled to alert villagers
and prepare contingency plans, according to the National Disaster
Philippine navy and coast guard vessels,
along with police, were ordered to stand by for possible evacuation but
the alert was lifted late Sunday afternoon.
suffered the brunt of the 2004 disaster, had been included in the
tsunami warning Saturday, but the country's Meteorology and Geophysics
Agency said Sunday there was no tsunami risk for the archipelago as it
was too far from the quake's epicenter.
On New Zealand's Chatham Islands earlier Sunday, officials reported a wave measured at two meters.
hundred people in the North Island coastal cities of Gisborne and
Napier were evacuated from their homes and from camp grounds, while
residents in low-lying areas on South Island's Banks Peninsula were
alerted to be ready to evacuate.
Waters at Tutukaka, a coastal
dive spot near the top of the North Island, looked like a pot boiling
with the muddy bottom churning up as sea surges built in size through
the morning, sucking sea levels below low water marks before surging
Australia's Bureau of Meteorology canceled its tsunami warning Sunday evening.
"The main tsunami waves have now passed all Australian locations," the bureau said.
damage was reported in Australia from small waves that were recorded in
New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Norfolk Island, about 1,600
kilometers northeast of Sydney.
New Zealand's Ministry of Civil
Defense and Emergency Management downgraded its tsunami warning to an
advisory status, which it planned to keep in place overnight.