Ahmadinejad, Erdogan, Da Silva et al.
(photo credit: Associated Press)
TEHERAN,Iran — Iran said Tuesday it expects the US and its allies to accept a nuclear fuel swap deal despite initial skepticism, as key UN Security Council member China welcomed the proposal as a way of reviving negotiations over Teheran's nuclear activities.
The US and some of the other world powers involved in the standoff said a deal reached with outside mediation by Turkey and Brazil on Monday failed to ease their concerns that Iran is ultimately intending to develop a nuclear weapons capability.
"If the Western countries continue seeking excuses, it will be clear
that they are not after a solution to the issue and have no logical
option on the table," said Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman, Ramin
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Mehmanparast told a weekly press briefing that he was optimistic the deal would go forward after those nations had time for more careful consideration.
Iran is offering to trade much of its enriched uranium for fuel rods needed for a medical research reactor in Tehran. It is similar to a UN-drafted deal proposed in October that would have deprived Iran — at least temporarily — of the material it would need to produce a nuclear warhead.
Giving Iran more highly enriched uranium in the form of fuel rods would not allow it to use that material for a weapon. Iran denies its program has a military dimension, but the UN's nuclear monitoring agency says Teheran has not fully cooperated with an investigation meant to ensure its nuclear activity is only for peaceful purposes.
The White House showed deep skepticism about the new pact, noting that it allows Iran to keep enriching uranium, giving it a possible pathway to weapons.
"Given Iran's repeated failure to live up to its own commitments, and the need to address fundamental issues related to Iran's nuclear program, the United States and international community continue to have serious concerns," White House press secretary Robert Gibbs said on Monday.
Mehmanparast, the Foreign Ministry spokesman, countered that the pact provided an opening "to move toward interaction instead of confrontation."
He refused, however, to answer several questions Tuesday about whether Iran would continue to enrich uranium on its own to the higher levels of 20 percent needed for the Tehran reactor, which produces isotopes used in cancer treatment.
On Tuesday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Ma Zhaoxu, whose nation has been reluctant in the past to impose harsher penalties, sounded positive about the new Iranian proposal.
"We welcome the agreement. ... We hope this will help promote the
peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue through negotiations,"
Ma did not respond to a question on how the deal might affect
negotiations over sanctions. China, which holds veto power on the
Security Council, has repeatedly argued for more talks to resolve the
situation but has expressed a willingness to discuss the possibility of
Turkey's foreign minister on Tuesday urged the United States and its
allies to stop discussions on more UN sanctions, saying that would
"spoil the atmosphere."
"Each side now should have a positive approach, constructive style and a
real intention and objective of dialogue rather than focusing on mutual
suspicion, skepticism, mutual threats, sanctions or other options,"
Ahmet Davutoglu told reporters in Istanbul.