Parasha Va'era: When might met right

“And Egypt shall know that I am God when I stretch My hand over Egypt: and I shall take the children of Israel out from among them” (Exodus 7:5)

December 31, 2010 15:23
4 minute read.
Frog waiting to jump

scary looking frog 311. (photo credit: [email protected]

The portion of Va’era opens at a time of despair. At the conclusion of last week’s reading, Moses had accepted God’s call to take the Hebrews out of Egyptian bondage. His visit to Pharaoh, however, turned into a disaster. Not only does the Egyptian despot refuse to allow the Hebrews a three-day respite for a sacrificial celebration in the desert, but he increases their workload by making them find their own straw for making bricks. Moses tearfully remonstrates with God: “...As soon as I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he made things worse…” (Exodus 5:22).

What follows is God’s promise that Pharaoh will send them out with a strong arm. Furthermore, God introduces Himself as the God of history and freedom, and proceeds to delineate the stages of redemption that will occur in Egypt.

But the Hebrews, frustrated and skeptical, refuse to listen to Moses’s optimistic recounting of the forthcoming redemption. Moses takes his cue from his people, likewise questioning: “If indeed the children of Israel don’t listen to me, how can I expect Pharaoh to listen to me?” (Ex. 6:12).

God chooses not to respond to Moses’s logical reaction. In what appears to be a new beginning of the Book of Exodus, the text re-introduces us to Moses by presenting his lineage going back to Jacob, and then delineating the first seven plagues. Why the Ten Plagues plethora of body blows to Egyptian society, which only seems to harden Pharaoh’s heart even further? Why not simply end the Egyptian servitude immediately?

Rashi provides a clear explanation: God wanted to teach the Hebrews the greatness of God and the strength of His will. God was not ready to redeem Israel until they had also repented, making them truly worthy of redemption. “...Such is the way of the Holy One Blessed be He: He brings punishment on the nations of the idolaters in order that Israel may hear and revere [God]…”

God’s Name in this biblical verse is Y-H-V-H, the God of history, love and redemption. The God of history must work with the nations of the world, and especially with His covenantal nation, Israel. Egypt must be brought to its knees, Israel must repent before God and truly desire to be free; only then will they be redeemed. And so God “hardened Pharaoh’s heart” until Israel repented.

The Seforno (on Exodus 9:16) justifies the lengthy process of the plagues not so much for the sake of Israel’s repentance but rather for the sake of the Egyptians’ repentance: “Since God desires the repentance of the wicked and not their death, as it is written ‘As I live, says God, I do not desire the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked repent of their ways and live’ (Ezekiel 33:11). And so God declares that He will greatly increase His signs and His wonders in order for Egypt to repent as He made known to them His greatness and His loving kindness with His signs and His wonders...”

To be sure, the Seforno also mentions that the plagues brought the Israelites to repentance; but he emphasizes the fact that Egypt was a lesson to the world; that no human ought to be enslaved. And the Seforno goes on to explain that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart after the fifth plague in order that the autocrat would release the Hebrews because he had truly repented.

This is why the portion concludes with the seventh plague, the plague of hail. During the other plagues, Pharaoh seems to relent for a brief period but only because it appears as if the strength and power of the God of Israel is greater than the power of the gods of Egypt, or at least of the Egyptian magicians. The struggle seems to be the power of God versus the power of the idols.

Only after the seventh plague does Pharaoh declare to Moses and Aaron: “I have sinned this time; the Lord is righteous and my nation are sinners” (Ex. 9:27). Only at this point does Pharaoh realize that it is a moral struggle; a religious struggle, and not a power struggle.

It is not might pitted against might but rather might pitted against right; the Lord God of love, redemption and freedom for all against the Pharaonic gods of force and enslavement.

And this is why the exodus from Egyptian bondage has been the clarion call for every oppressed people seeking freedom; from the American revolution against England to the struggle against white supremacy in the United States to the cry of the Soviet Jews behind the Iron Curtain, “Let us live as Jews or let us leave as Jews!”

The writer is the founder and chancellor of Ohr Torah Stone Colleges and Graduate Programs, and chief rabbi of Efrat.

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