Former US ambassador to the UN Daniel Patrick Moynihan composed an aphorism as he watched dictatorships pile opprobrium on democracies: “The amount of violations of human rights in a country is always an inverse function of the amount of complaints about human rights violations heard from there.”
Journalists, lawyers, academics and opposition politicians can investigate the injustices of democracies, and because they can investigate, injustice is kept in check. They can’t expose the greater atrocities of dictatorships because there is no freedom to report, and hence those greater crimes pass unnoticed.
I have my doubts about the universal jurisdiction of Moynihan’s Law – America was responsible for many great crimes while he was its good and faithful servant. But his insight explains why Jeremy Bowen is blinking at his cameraman in Tripoli like some startled, uncomprehending mammal who has been shaken by the convulsions around him from a hibernation that has lasted for most of his career.
The BBC’s Middle East editor is not the only expert whose expertise now looks spurious. The Arab uprising is annihilating the assumptions of foreign ministries, academia and human-rights groups with true revolutionary élan.
In journalistic language, it is showing they had committed the greatest blunder a reporter can commit: They missed the story. They thought the problems of the Middle East were at root the fault of democratic Israel, or more broadly the democratic West. They did not see, and did not want to see, that while Israelis are certainly the Palestinians’ problem – and vice versa – the problem of the Arab world was the tyranny, cruelty, corruption and inequality Arab dictators enforced.
PUT STARKLY, it sounds as if the charges of double standards and anti-Semitism habitually directed at liberal Westerners are justified. But liberal prejudice – “antiliberal prejudice” is a more accurate description – is a process as well as an ideology. Dictatorial states and movements shepherded liberal opinion into a one-way street by exploiting the logistics of news gathering.
No news organization in the West could base its main Middle Eastern bureau anywhere other than Israel, for the simple reason that Israel is the only country with a free press and an independent judiciary.
Researchers and diplomats, as well as reporters, could phone or visit Palestinians in the occupied territories – as indeed could anyone else.
Crucially, in an age dominated by images, television crews could get pictures. I’m not saying that the authorities do not harass foreign or Israeli correspondents trying to report the undoubted violations of Palestinian rights; simply that they can report from Jerusalem but not from Damascus or Riyadh.
Even if the Ba’athists or Wahhabis let journalists in, they would keep them under constant surveillance. Meanwhile any local invited to go on air to criticize his or her rulers would refuse because he knows he would be running a terrible risk. Moynihan’s Law explains why you never hear a BBC or Sky anchor announce: “We are going live to hear our Saudi Arabian editor in Mecca on the oppression of women there.”
Although if we are very lucky maybe we will soon.
At some level Westerners ought to have registered that millions of
people must bite their tongues in the Middle East. They mistook silence
for compliance for a reason the late Fred Halliday, who never shrank
from confronting the ugliness of the region, identified when he tried to
stop his asinine colleagues at the London School of Economics endorsing
the Libyan tyranny.
Naturally, Saif Gaddafi could appear suave and at ease in Western
circles after having unlimited amounts of stolen money lavished on his
education. But, said Halliday, Westerners must realize that the function
of plausible and well-groomed men from Libya, Egypt and Saudi Arabia is
to impress foreigners by making “compromises with internal hardliners
that serve to lessen external pressure.” Keep executions and police
interrogations off YouTube and the prudent tyrant will be delighted by
the readiness of Westerners to dismiss informed criticism of his regime
as neocon propaganda.
Instead of listening to Halliday, Anthony Giddens flew to meet Gaddafi
and uttered the only remark anyone is likely to remember him for.
Libya’s future was as a “Norway of North Africa: prosperous, democratic
How the sight of the Saharan ‘Scandinavians’ slaughtering their own civilians must perplex him.
GADDAFI WAS hardly an exception. From the moment he took power in Syria
on the sole ground that he was his father’s son, Bashar Assad has heard
politicians insist he is a Ba’athist they can do business with. Only
last month, Anna Wintour, a fashion editor who could be a tenured LSE
professor, allowed her Vogue staff to simper that Bashar’s wife is “the
most magnetic of first ladies.”
For all the Western fawning, the denial of Syrian liberty continued
undiminished, but it could only be brought to the world by talking to
exiles or explaining the totalitarian nature of the Ba’ath Party –
neither of which would have made good television.
Muhammad al-Jahmi, brother of tortured Libyan dissident Fathi al-Jahmi,
offered further explanation after Human Rights Watch unctuously declared
that Libya was advancing toward liberty under Muammar Gaddafi.
Foreigners want access, he said, but the regime makes them wait for
months. When Human Rights Watch did gain entry, its emissaries were
honored guests visiting an exotic country other journalists and
campaigners could not enter. They were grateful, and psychologically
dependent on their hosts. Everyone they met reinforced the regime’s
message that life was good and getting better.
“Somewhere along the way,” Muhammad said, “a fundamental truth gets lost: These dictators don’t change overnight.”
LOGISTICS AS much as infantile leftism produced the ideology of Middle
Eastern commentary. Israel was the only story in the region journalists
could cover daily. Rather than stop pretending to be omniscient and
admit their limitations to the viewer, rather than show common human
feeling and thinking of the silenced millions, journalists pretended
Israel was the region’s only story.
The effect was anti-Semitic because ‘the Jew’ was once again depicted as
a supernatural figure with the diabolic power to create suffering on an
epic scale. That narrow, prejudiced world of Middle Eastern commentary
went up in flames when the Arab revolutionaries threw their first
Molotov. Whatever happens next, its loss will be no loss at all.
The writer is a columnist for The
Observer. He is the author of Pretty Straight Guys, What’s Left?, and
Waiting for the Etonians. This article was first published by Standpoint
Magazine (ww.standpointmag.co.uk), and is reprinted with permission.