Sandwiched between the sea on the west and desert on the east, Israel is known as the “Land Between.” From the coastal plain, the land ascends to over 3,000 feet in the central mountain ridge before descending to 1,300 feet below sea level at the Dead Sea, thereby creating a rich diversity of geographical contours. In fact, there are 50 distinct geographical regions within this territory, which measures a mere 45 miles east-to-west and 140 miles north-to-south from Dan to Beersheba.

It is also known as the “Land Between” because it sits on the land bridge between the three continents of Africa, Asia and Europe. Therefore, over the course of history, Israel was a strategic and highly coveted piece of real estate to the surrounding powers of Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Greece and Rome. Other, more localized people groups – such as the Philistines, Edomites, Moabites, Ammonites and Arameans – also vied for territory in this region.


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