United Nations Security Council 311 (R).
(photo credit: ERIC THAYER / Reuters)
Turkey will impose its own sanctions on Syria despite the UN
Security Council's failure to adopt a resolution that would have hinted
at future international measures against Damascus, Turkish Prime
Minister Tayyip Erdogan said on Wednesday.
Russia and China
vetoed the European-drafted UN resolution on Tuesday, handing Syrian
President Bashar Assad a diplomatic victory as his security forces
pursue a violent crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
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in South Africa, Erdogan lamented the failure of the resolution, but
said it would not deter Turkey from launching its own sanctions against
"Naturally the veto...cannot prevent
sanctions," Erdogan said. "We will of necessity implement a package of
sanctions." Erdogan has said he will announce the package after he
visits a Syrian refugee camp in Turkey in the next few days.
move heralds a further deterioration in previously friendly relations
between Ankara and Damascus since the start of Assad's deadly crackdown
on protesters in March. The United Nations says Syrian military operations against demonstrators have killed at least 2,700 civilians.
(Syrian) leadership is losing the respect of its people," Erdogan told a
diplomatic meeting in Pretoria. "We see the leadership in Syria is not
taking the necessary steps despite promises of reform." Dismayed by Assad's failure to heed repeated entreaties to stop the violence, Turkey has begun piling pressure on Syria.
Tuesday, a Syrian colonel who has emerged as one of the leaders of
armed resistance to the 45-year-old president's rule revealed that he
had been given sanctuary in Turkey.
political opposition groups have met in Istanbul several times in the
past few months. On Sunday the newly formed Syrian National Council said
the world was obliged to protect the Syrian people, though it rejected
any foreign intervention that endangered Syria's sovereignty.
Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice previously said
that the US was
“outraged” that the Security Council “utterly failed to address an
urgent moral challenge and a growing threat to regional peace and
security.” The US has repeatedly advocated sanctions as well as an arms embargo on the Assad regime. UK Foreign Secretary William Hague also expressed disappointment at Russia and China's decision to veto. The
resolution received nine votes in favor and four abstentions from
Brazil, India, Lebanon and South Africa. Russia and China cast the only
votes against the resolution, which was drafted by France with the
cooperation of Britain, Germany and Portugal.For months, Russia, China, Brazil, India and South Africa - the "BRICS"
countries - have criticized the United States and European council
members for allegedly allowing NATO to overstep its Security Council
mandate to protect civilians in Libya. No BRICS country supported the Syria resolution.