A parliamentary inquiry committee had been established to investigate the death
of anti-government blogger and Facebook activist Sattar Beheshti, Iran’s deputy
parliament speaker said on Sunday.
Activists say Beheshti died after
being tortured in custody.
The Iranian Student’s News Agency (ISNA)
quoted Mohammad Hassan Abutorabi-Fard as saying that he had asked Alaeddin
Boroujerdi, chairman of the parliament’s Committee on Foreign Policy and
National Security, to probe the death.
The exact time and cause of
Beheshti’s death remain unclear. Iran’s cyber police, the Fata, arrested the
35-yearold blogger on October 30 at his home in Robat Karim, a working-class
dormitory town southwest of Tehran, on charges of “acting against national
security on social networks and Facebook.”
Iranian opposition groups said
police raided Beheshti’s home and seized several of his personal belongings,
among them a computer.
On November 6, a week after Beheshti’s arrest,
security authorities contacted his family and told them to collect his body from
Tehran’s Kahrizak detention facility, opposition websites said. According to the
BBC’s Persian service, the security authorities later refused to allow anyone
other than Beheshti’s brother-in-law to attend the blogger’s funeral on
The decision to probe Beheshti’s death came after MP Ahmad
Tavakkoli, a conservative representative of Tehran and a prominent critic of
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, called on the judiciary on Sunday to investigate
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“A death has occurred, and it must be explained,” Tavakkoli
said, in comments that were broadcast on state media.
MP, Ebrahim Nekoo, also called for the blogger’s death to be investigated,
asking why the matter had not been reported to him or to other Rabat Karim
Although Iran’s state media has been silent on the cause of
Beheshti’s death, a number of unofficial conservative and reformist news sites
have claimed he died after being tortured by the security
Conservative website Baztab, which is close to Discernment
Council secretary and former Revolutionary Guards commander Mohsen Rezaee,
reported on Thursday that the activist had died during interrogation, while
Saham News, the website of prominent reformist politician Mehdi Karroubi, said
Beheshti had been “tortured to death.”
On Saturday, Iranian opposition
news site Kaleme, which has reported extensively on the case, posted the text of
a letter it said was signed by 41 political prisoners in Tehran’s notorious Evin
Prison, who testified that they had witnessed signs of torture on Beheshti’s
body after his transfer there from Kahrizak.
“When arriving at Evin’s
ward 350, evidence of torture was apparent throughout Sattar’s body and he was
in a painful physical and psychological state. His face was scarred, his head
was swollen, his wrists and arms were bruised and the effects of hanging from
the ceiling were apparent on his wrists. Bruises were also apparent on other
parts of his body such as around his neck, his stomach and his back,” the letter
The letter added that even though Beheshti was barely able to write
as a result of his beatings, he managed to file a short complaint. Beheshti was
later transferred to the prison infirmary, the letter claimed, and on November 1
police took him to the security service headquarters.
“He was extremely
concerned when leaving the ward and told other detainees: “They intend to kill
“Four days after his transfer, his family was informed of his
death,” the political prisoners testified in their letter.
published what it said was the text of the letter of complaint Beheshti wrote in
prison, although the authenticity of the document has not been independently
According to Kaleme, part of Beheshti’s complaint letter read:
“I hold Fata [the cyber police] responsible for anything that happens to me, and
declare that any confessions taken from me were extracted under torture, which I
was subjected to during my 12 hours in room 2 of Ward 350 [of Evin
Several Western governments and human rights groups have issued
strong condemnations of Beheshti’s death.
The US State Department has
called for an investigation, as have France and Britain.
Catherine Ashton, the EU high representative for foreign affairs and security
policy issued a statement expressing “deep concern” at Beheshti’s death in
“The EU expects the Iranian authorities to conduct a thorough
inquiry into the case, in order to establish the exact circumstances of his
death,” Ashton’s statement said.
On Friday, State Department spokeswoman
Victoria Nuland said the US “join[ed] the international community in demanding
the Iranian government investigate this murder, hold accountable those
responsible for Beheshti’s arrest, torture and killing, and immediately cease
all reported harassment of Beheshti’s family.”
called on the Iranian authorities to carry out “an immediate investigation into
[Beheshti’s] death, including whether torture played a part in
Amnesty said that a day before his arrest, Beheshti said he had been
threatened by the security services.
“Yesterday they threatened that my
mom would wear black because I don’t shut my mouth,” he wrote on his blog,
according to Amnesty.
Amnesty said the Iranian government had
acknowledged that at least three previous Kahrizak inmates had died as a result
of torture. Torture and mistreatment are also frequently used in some sections
of Evin Prison, according to Amnesty.
On Saturday, Human Rights Watch
said it has documented numerous cases of torture, medical neglect and
mistreatment of prisoners in Iranian jails since 2009, including in
“With more than a dozen deaths in the past four years, Iran’s
prisons are rapidly turning into death traps for detainees, including people who
should never have been behind bars to begin with,” said Eric Goldstein, HRW’s
deputy Middle East director.
A source close to Beheshti’s family told HRW
that the Iranian authorities had put pressure on the blogger’s relatives after
they gave interviews to opposition websites following his death, Goldstein
Beheshti was not especially well-known among Iranian bloggers. He
ran a site called My Life for My Iran, which he used to criticize the Iranian
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