Fights break out near court building.
(photo credit: REUTERS)
CAIRO - Street clashes broke out on Monday
as ousted Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak returned to court to
face charges over the killing of protesters in his second appearance in the trial.
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An aircraft landed near the court building carrying Mubarak, who was deposed in February. State TV later showed the ailing Mubarak, aged 83, being wheeled out of an ambulance on a gurney.
Hundreds of riot police stood guard but clashes erupted
between a crowd of Mubarak
supporters outside the building and a
group demanding justice for those killed in the uprising that
toppled him six months ago.
"The thief has arrived!" shouted the anti-Mubarak
protesters, drawing whistles from his supporters.
As the pro-Mubarak
crowd threw stones, the police cordon
dividing them broke and the Mubarak
supporters chased their
opponents away from the court building.
Defense lawyers have said that any testimony by Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi on Mubarak's role in trying to suppress the 18-day uprising, in which more than 800 people were killed, could decide the fate of the 83-year-old.
Tantawi, who was defense minister for two decades under Mubarak, heads the military council that took power when Mubarak was ousted on February 11 by the mass protests.
Mubarak, accused of corruption and ordering the killing of protesters, went on trial on August 3
in a case that has gripped the Arab world, where leaders rule for life and are seldom held to account.
The first Arab head of state to stand trial in person since popular
uprisings swept the Middle East, the former air force commander faces
charges that could carry the death penalty.
Mubarak appeared on a hospital bed, behind the bars of a courtroom cage
with his sons, Gamal and Alaa, who will also appear again on Monday.
About 850 people were killed during the uprising and over 6,000 were
wounded when security forces fired live rounds, rubber bullets and used
water cannon and batons against the protesters.
The prosecutor accuses Mubarak of authorizing the use of the live ammunition to quell the protests.
Mubarak denied all accusations during the opening session, which was
aired live and counted as his first public appearance since he was
In the first court session, defense lawyers asked for Tantawi, former
intelligence chief Omar Suleiman and about 1,600 others to testify as
Defense lawyers said the accounts would be vital for either
incriminating or exonerating Mubarak from involvement in killing
"Tantawi's testimony would help the court determine whether Mubarak gave
orders to Interior Minister Habib al-Adli to fire at protesters or
whether Adli was acting independently," one member of the defense team,
who asked not to be named, said.
A judge on Sunday set the next hearing for Adli and six of his lieutenants for September 5.
Lawyers for the families of those killed have also demanded Tantawi testify in the trial.
"It is important for the court to meet the requests of the defense team,
especially the request to hear the accounts of Field Marshal Tantawi in
court to determine whether Mubarak asked him to confront and fire at
protesters or not," the lawyer said.
"The defense team sees Tantawi as a compurgator, or a witness whose
testimony would exonerate Mubarak. The plaintiffs' lawyers, however,
expect him to testify that he received orders to fire, which is
necessary to convict Mubarak," another lawyer handling the case said.