European and American perfidy in dealing with Iran’s nuclear weapons program
apparently has no end. This week we were subject to banner headlines announcing
that the EU has decided to place an oil embargo on Iran. It was only when we got
past the bombast that we discovered that the embargo is only set to come into
force on July 1.
Following its European colleagues, the Obama
administration announced it is also ratcheting up its sanctions against Iran...
in two months. Sometime in late March, the US will begin sanctioning Iran’s
third largest bank.
At the same time as the Europeans and the Americans
announced their phony sanctions, they reportedly dispatched their Turkish
colleagues to Tehran to set up a new round of nuclear talks with the ayatollahs.
If the past is any guide, we can expect for the Iranians to agree to sit down
and talk just before the oil embargo is scheduled to be enforced. And the
Europeans – with US support – will use the existence of talks to postpone
indefinitely the implementation of the embargo.
There is nothing new in
this game of fake sanctions. And what it shows more than anything is that the
Europeans and the Americans are more concerned with pressuring Israel not to
attack Iran’s nuclear installations than they are in preventing Iran from
becoming a nuclear power.
Obama has a second target audience – American
Jews. He is using his fake sanctions as a means of convincing American Jews that
he is a pro-Israel president and that in the current election season, not only
should they cast their votes in his favor, they should sign their checks for his
Both Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister
Ehud Barak were quick this week to make clear that these moves are insufficient.
They will not force Iran to abandon its nuclear weapons program. More is
As to American Jewry, the jury is still out.
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American Jewry’s diffidence towards taking a stand on Iran, or recognizing
Obama’s dishonesty on this issue specifically and his dishonesty regarding his
position on US-Israel ties generally is not rooted primarily in American Jews’
devotion to Obama. It isn’t even specifically related to American Jewry’s
devotion to the political Left. Rather it has to do with American Jewish
ambivalence to Israel.
The roots of that ambivalence – which is shared by
other Western Jewish communities to varying degrees – predate Obama’s
Indeed, they predate the establishment of the State of
Israel. And now, as the US and the EU have given Iran at least another six
months to a year to develop its nuclear bombs unchecked, it is worth considering
the nature and influence of this ambivalence.
Today’s principal form of
Jew-hatred is anti- Zionism. Anti-Zionism is similar to previous dominant forms
of Jew hatred such as Christian anti-Judaism, xenophobic and racist anti-
Semitism, and Communist anti-Jewish cosmopolitanism in the sense that it takes
dominant, popular social trends and turns them against the Jews. Anti-Zionism’s
current predominance owes to the convergence of several popular social trends
which include Western post-nationalism, and anti-colonialism.
that anti-Zionism poses for American Jewry is that it forces them to pay a price
for supporting Israel. This is problematic because Zionism has never been fully
embraced by American Jewry. Since the dawn of modern Zionism, the cause of
Jewish self-determination placed American Jewish leaders in an uncomfortable
UNLIKE EVERY other Diaspora Jewish community, the American
Jewish community has always perceived itself as a permanent community rather
than an exilic community. American Jews have always viewed the United States as
the new Promised Land.
With the formation of the modern Zionist movement
in the late 19th century, American Jews found themselves on the horns of a
dilemma. Clearly, the state of world Jewry was such that national
self-determination had become an existential necessity for non-American
But while supporting Jewish refugees and a scrappy little country
was okay, support for the Zionist cause of Jewish national liberation involved
an acceptance of the fact that Israel – not the US – is the Jewish homeland.
Moreover, it involved accepting that there are Jewish interests that are
independent of – if not necessarily in contradiction with – American interests.
For instance, irrespective of the prevailing winds in Washington, and regardless
of whether the US supports Israel or not, it is a Jewish interest that Israel
exists, thrives and survives.
In a recent op-ed in Haaretz
University political science professor Shlomo Avineri contrasted world Jewry’s
massive mobilization on behalf of Soviet Jewry in the 1970s and 1980s and their
relative silence today in the face of Iran’s Holocaust denial and open calls for
the annihilation of the Jewish state. Avineri is apparently confounded by the
disparity between Western Jewry’s behavior in the two cases.
cause of the disparity is clear. Supporting the right of Soviet Jews to emigrate
was easy. Unlike Israel, Soviet Jews were powerless.
As such, they were
pure victims and supporting them cost Diaspora Jews nothing in terms of their
position in their societies. Just as important, the cause of freedom for Soviet
Jewry was perfectly aligned with the West’s Cold War policies against the Soviet
The frequent Jewish demonstrations outside Soviet legations
provided Western leaders with another tool to fight the Cold War.
contrast, supporting Israel, and the cause of Jewish freedom and
self-determination embodied by Zionism, is not cost-free for Diaspora Jews. At
root, to support Israel and Zionism involves accepting that Jews have inherent
rights as Jews. To be a Zionist Jew in the Diaspora means that you embrace and
defend the notion that the Jews have the right to their own interests and that
those interests may be distinct from other nations’ interests. That is, to be a
Zionist involves rejecting Jewish assimilation and embracing the fact that Jews
require national independence and power to guarantee our survival. And this can
PRO-ISRAEL AMERICAN Jews have historically tried to tie
their support for Israel to larger, more universal themes, in order to extricate
themselves from the need to admit that as Jews and supporters of Israel they
have a right and a duty to support Jewish freedom even if it isn’t always
pretty. Again, for Israel’s first several decades, it was about helping poor
Jews and refugees. In recent years, the predominant defense has been that Israel
deserves support because it is a democracy.
Certainly, these are both
reasonable reasons for supporting Israel. But neither support for Israel because
it was poor nor support for Israel because it is free is a specifically Zionist
reason for supporting Israel. You don’t have to be a Zionist to support poor
Jewish refugees and you don’t have to be a Zionist to support
You do have to be a Zionist however, to defend the Jews in
Israel and throughout the world in a coherent manner when the predominant form
of Jew-hatred is anti-Zionism.
You have to be willing to accept and
defend the right of the Jewish people to freedom and self-determination in our
national homeland against those who deny that right. You have to be a Zionist to
defend Israel’s right to survive and thrive even though it is no longer poor and
its democratically elected government is not liked by the Obama
And you have to be a Zionist to realize that since Jewish
survival is dependent on Jewish power, and anti-Zionists reject the right of
Jews to have power, that anti-Zionists seek to bring about a situation where
Jewish survival is imperiled.
The weakness of American Jewry’s response
to Iran’s genocidal intentions towards Israel is of a piece with its weak
response to the forces of anti-Zionism generally and to Jewish anti- Zionists
particularly. Since 2007, the US government has effectively ruled out the use of
force against Iran’s nuclear weapons program and embraced a policy of pursuing
negotiations with ayatollahs while enacting impotent sanctions to quell
congressional pressure. At least in part, this policy is due to the US’s
assessment that a nuclear Iran does not pose a high-level threat to US national
Both then-president George W. Bush and later Barack Obama
determined that an Israeli military strike against Iran’s nuclear weapons
program does pose a high-level threat to the US. As a consequence, both
administrations have taken concerted steps to prevent Israel from attacking
On the merits, both of these policies are easily discredited. But
the fact that they continue to be implemented shows that they are supported by a
large and powerful constituency in Washington.
To oppose Iran’s nuclear
program effectively, American Jews are required to oppose these strongly
supported US policies. And at some point, this may require them to announce they
support Israel’s right to survive and thrive even if that paramount right
conflicts with how the US government perceives US national
That is, it may require them to embrace Zionism
No doubt, if they do so, their own conditions will
improve. They will finally be able to speak coherently against the gathering
forces of anti-Zionism – both from within the Jewish community and from without.
This in turn will act as a lightning rod for inspiring American Jews to embrace
With their leaders having abjectly failed to contend with
the most powerful form of Jew-hatred, it is no wonder that so many Diaspora Jews
are leaving the fold. If they reverse course and go after their attackers,
American Jewish leaders will give community members a meaningful reason to
proudly embrace their identity.
In a speech this week at the Knesset,
Netanyahu explained the different lessons the Holocaust teaches the
international community on the one hand, and the Jews on the other.
far as its universal lessons are concerned, Netanyahu said, “The lesson is that
the countries of the world must be woken up, as much as possible, so that they
can organize against such crimes.
The lesson is that the broadest
possible alliances must be forged in order to act against this threat before it
is too late.”
As for the Jews, Netanyahu embraced Zionism’s core
principle: “With regard to threats to our very existence, we cannot abandon our
future to the hands of others.
“With regard to our fate, our duty is to
rely on ourselves alone.”
We must hope that world Jewry will recognize
today that the fate of the Jewish people in Israel and throughout the world is
indivisible and rally to Israel’s side whatever the social cost of doing so. But
even if they do not recognize this basic truth, the imperatives of Zionism, of
the Jewish people, remain in email@example.com
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