North Korean leader Kim Jong Un inspected Russian nuclear-capable strategic bombers, hypersonic missiles, and warships on Saturday, accompanied by President Vladimir Putin's defense minister.
A smiling Kim was greeted in Russia's Knevichi airfield, about 50 km (30) miles from the Pacific city of Vladivostok, by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, who saluted Kim. The North Korean leader then inspected a guard of honor.
The United States and South Korea fear the revival of Moscow's friendship with Pyongyang could give Kim access to some of Russia's sensitive missile and other technology while helping arm Russia in its war in Ukraine.
Shoigu showed Kim Russia's strategic bombers - the Tu-160, Tu-95, and Tu-22M3 - which are capable of carrying nuclear weapons and form the backbone of Russia's nuclear air attack force, Russia's defense ministry said.
"It can fly from Moscow to Japan and then back again," Shoigu told Kim of one aircraft.
Kim Jong Un learned about the Russian missiles
Kim was shown asking about how the missiles were fired from the aircraft, at times nodding and smiling.
Shoigu showed him the MiG-31I supersonic interceptor aircraft equipped with "Kinzhal" hypersonic missiles. The Kinzhal, or dagger, is an air-launched ballistic missile capable of carrying nuclear or conventional warheads.
It has a reported range of 1,500 to 2,000 km (930-1,240 miles) while carrying a payload of 480 kg (1,100 pounds). It may travel at up to 10 times the speed of sound (12,000 kph, 7,700 mph).
After the aircraft and missiles, Kim inspected the warship of Russia's Pacific fleet in Vladivostok, where he was due to watch a demonstration by the Russian navy.
South Korea and the United States said on Friday that military cooperation between North Korea and Russia violated UN sanctions against Pyongyang and that the allies would ensure there was a price to pay.
Russia has gone out of its way to publicize Kim's visit and drop repeated hints about the prospect of military cooperation with North Korea, which was formed in 1948 with the backing of the Soviet Union.
For Putin, who says Moscow is locked in an existential battle with the West over Ukraine, courting Kim allows him to needle Washington and its Asian allies while potentially securing a deep supply of artillery for the Ukraine war.
Washington has accused North Korea of providing arms to Russia, which has the world's biggest store of nuclear warheads, but it is unclear whether any deliveries have been made.
Kim on Friday inspected a Russian fighter jet factory that is under Western sanctions.
He and Putin discussed military matters, the war in Ukraine, and deepening cooperation when they met on Wednesday. Putin told reporters Russia was "not going to violate anything," but would keep developing relations with North Korea.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters there had not been a plan to sign any formal agreements during the visit.
Russian diplomats said Washington had no right to lecture Moscow after the United States had bolstered its allies across the world, including with a visit of a U.S. nuclear-armed ballistic missile submarine to South Korea in July.