Jerusalem is an ancient city and capital of the State of Israel, located in the center of the country. The Palestinian Authority also lays claim to Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital.
Jerusalem is considered a holy city by major religions, chiefly Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Jerusalem is a host to many religious sites, especially within the walls of the old city. The Temple Mount is remains of the Jewish temples, and the holiest site in Judaism. Jews often pray at the Western Wall, or Kotel, a retaining wall for the Temple Mount built by Herod the Great. On the temple mount now sit the al-Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques, the former being the 3rd holiest site in Islam. Several chirstian sites, such as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, are important to many sects of Christianity.
As it is the political capital of Israel, Jerusalem is home to the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. There are also ministries that have their headquarters in Jerusalem, such as the Foreign Ministry. The status of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is not recognized by all international actors. However, embassies of states such as the US reside in Jerusalem.
Jerusalem is built on several hills, and has a cooler climate than many other major cities. One of its aesthetic features is that buildings are made with Jerusalem stone, a pale white-yellow limestone.
Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish life since Davidic times. In its history, it has been conquered and destroyed dozens of times by invading armies and empires. However, there has always been a Jewish presence in Jerusalem. In late 1800 Ottoman censuses, Jews were a majority of the population of Jerusalem. However, Jerusalem was set to be an international city in initial partition plans in the late 1940s. Following the Israeli War of Independence, Jerusalem was split between east and west, with the east side being in the possession of Jordan. In 1967, Israel retook east Jerusalem, and the bulk of Jewish holy sites. In 1980, the Knesset passed the “Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel” which establishes a united Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and under complete Israeli sovereignty.
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The 2021 edition of the festival takes place October 26-29 and, as per every year, there will be plenty to see, watch, listen to and enjoy across the city.
Read what the experts say about the ‘Yoffi shel Israel’ postcard exhibit
Bus driver and teen injured from stones * A video shows an undercover Border Policeman firing a gun at the sky during arrest at Herod's Gate.
Readers of The Jerusalem Post have their say.
People born in Jerusalem 70 years ago were considered stateless.
After a long delay due to COVID-19, thousands of runners expected in the capital to participate in six different races.
Israel is hosting its largest and most advanced aerial exercise with seven other countries.
The US Jerusalem Embassy Act stresses the unity and indivisibility of Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Serbia's Chamber of Commerce and Industry opened an office in Jerusalem last month, the seventh of its kind in the world. Its aim is to strengthen commercial and economic ties.