"People who lived here were also buried here, so we can understand their burial practices and their belief system," an archaeologist at the Dorset site said.
The artificial phallus was found in spring 2015 during archaeological excavations conducted in the historical center of Gdańsk, in one of the latrines.
The study provided groundbreaking insights into the economy, health and diet of ancient Mesopotamia during a period of urbanization as cities and states began to crop up across the region.
Early humans relied on cooperation and social networking, and this study provides some of the earliest dated observation of this behavior.
In recent years there has been increased academic interest in textile production, particularly of wool.
An overabundance of food sources led to sedentary communities and monumental special buildings may have created cohesiveness.
After clearing years of dust, salt and bird droppings off the walls and ceilings of Luxor's Temple of Esna, archeologists found ancient depictions of eagles.
Made entirely from marble, the tub is the only one of its kind found in Turkey
Researchers said the carvings are likely to have been made using stone tools by Magdalenian people, an early hunter-gatherer culture dating from between 23,000 and 14,000 years ago.
The fragments were found at the San Bartolo archeological site in the jungles of northern Guatemala.