In 1949 they came from all over Yemen, from 1,000 villages, often traveling on foot to reach camp.“It was a desert place without any sign of vegetation. Refugees living in matted huts, like sardines, living a base, primitive life. The camp has 4,000 people and babies are born every day,” recalled Ethel Slonim, a nurse who had arrived in Aden, now Yemen, in 1948. Many died en route, and in the camp.Yet even more than half a century later, the traumatic immigration is thought of as a miracle. Why has the myth of the Yemenite migration not been fully understood for what it was: a massive tragedy in which a community was uprooted, the scars of the operation having never been healed? In The “Magic Carpet” Exodus of Yemenite Jewry, Esther Meir-Glitzenstein, an associate professor at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, seeks to set the record straight, and give readers some nuance on this formative historical event in the founding of the State of Israel.