Israel is a country in the Levant region of the Middle East, in Western Asia by the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Lebanon and Syria to the north, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the south and the Mediterranean to the west. Israel was established as a state in 1948, becoming the first and only predominantly Jewish state in the modern era. Israel has a population of nearly 9 million (2018). Of these 9 million, approximately 75% are Jewish, 20% are Arab, and 5% belong to other ethnic minorities. The most widely spoken languages in the country are Hebrew and Arabic, though Russian, French, and English are widely spoken as well. Israel is quite small geographically - its territory covers about 21,000 square kilometers (8,100 square miles). Despite its size, its topography is varied, ranging from a dry desert climate to mountains and forests. Israel has four distinct geographic regions: the Negev Desert, the Great Rift Valley, the Mediterranean coastal valley, and the mountainous regions in the north. The Dead Sea, the lowest dry-land point on Earth, is on the border between Israel and Jordan. Jerusalem, Israel’s declared though internationally-disputed capital, houses the country’s government buildings. Israel is a democratic republic with a 120-seat parliament (called the Knesset), a prime minister who is head of government and a president whose job is largely ceremonial. Upon its establishment Israel declared itself both Jewish and Democratic. Israel was established in order to be a “safe haven” for the Jewish people. In the years subsequent to its establishment it received an influx of Jewish immigrants and refugees from war-torn Europe and various countries throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Though originally established as a state with socialist values, the right-winged Likud party has now been in power for over forty years, since former prime minister Menahem Begin took office in 1977. The judicial system in Israel is three-tiered, with the Supreme Court being the top-standing authority on most cases. Religious courts have complete jurisdiction over annulment of marriages. Israel started off as an isolated entity in the predominantly Arab-Muslim Middle East. In 1979, Israel signed a peace treaty with Egypt, and in 1994 it signed one with Jordan. Though ties between Israel and much of the Arab world remain hostile, its relationships with countries such as Saudi Arabia have been improving in recent years as the common Iranian threat improves cooperation between the countries. The United States is Israel’s strongest ally. Relations between the two countries have remained relatively constant since Israel’s establishment, with both countries prioritizing the relationship regardless of which administrations are in office. Israel has been in an ongoing conflict with its Palestinian neighbors for decades. It spends a large proportion of its budget on security and defense, and the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) is the largest and strongest military in the Middle East. Israel has a mandatory military draft for most 18-year-old Israeli men and women. Israel has earned itself the nickname “Startup nation” due to the multitude of high-tech companies and scientific startups within its borders.`
Read More
Military personnel place a flag on a submarine during the Velayat-90 war games by the Iranian navy i

Iran says it was not behind blast on Israeli-owned ship

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu blamed Iran on Monday for a blast aboard the MV Helios Ray, a vehicle-carrier ship.

UAE Ambassador to Israel Muhammad Mahmoud Al Khaja with Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi

First-ever UAE ambassador to Israel arrives

Ashkenazi: We have a historic opportunity to present a model of warm, comprehensive peace.

Netanyahu says Iran 'clearly' behind blast on Israeli-owned ship

"This was indeed an operation by Iran. That is clear," Netanyahu told Kan radio.


Israel to provide COVID vaccines to Sinai peacekeepers, official says

The official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said 2,400 doses would be provided but did not elaborate on the terms or the timing of the handover.


How Iran signals credit for attacks on US, Israel and Saudi Arabia

Iran receives information directly from the Houthis on their alleged gains and their drone and missile attacks.

Sa'ar: Palestinians must be stopped from seizing control of Area C

In the past he has attacked Netanyahu for not doing enough to halt illegal Palestinian building in Area C, and he continued in that vein on Sunday.

Was the attack on the Israeli cargo ship successful?

Some link this incident to the unsuccessful attempts by Iran and its proxies to avenge the death of senior Iranian figures, such as top nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.


Volunteers struggle to clean oil spill as new stains keep arriving

Pollution levels at Rosh HaNikra beach went up on Sunday to moderate-heavy as new stains washed ashore.

UAE ambassador set to arrive in Israel tomorrow

Austrian Chancellor, Danish PM to visit to discuss COVID vaccine production with Netanyahu.

Subscribe for our daily newsletter
Subscribe for our daily newsletter

By subscribing I accept the terms of use