The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement, colloquially the BDS Movement, is a Palestinian-led global campaign seeking political activism against Israel for "occupying and colonizing Palestinian land, discriminating against Palestinian citizens of Israel and denying Palestinian refugees the right to return to their homes."
The movement, which takes its cues from the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa, was created in 2005 as calls grew in the international community to pressure Israel on behalf of the Palestinian cause.
It is often criticized for being antisemitic in its opposition to Zionism and promoting the de-ligitimization of Israel and denying the country its right to exist and self-determination.
The BDS Movement calls for non-violent yet punishing measures against Israel until it ends what is seen as an occupation of rightfully Palestinian territory and a dismantlement of the West Bank separation barrier. BDS also pushes for full equality of Palestinians and the rights of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in accordance with United Nations Resolution 194, adopted December 11, 1948.
The movement uses protests and cultural boycotts to target Israeli businesses in the West Bank or events with connects to Israel. BDS is a key player in the international Israeli Apartheid Week, a series of lectures and rallies across college campuses against Israeli activity in the West Bank. BDS supporters have successfully gotten some artists from cancelling concerts in Israel, even when the concerts were not scheduled to take place in the West Bank.
In addition, business boycotts are a common tactic employed by the movement, targeting Israeli businesses, notably the soft drink company SodaStream and Israeli banks Bank Hapoalim and Bank Leumi. Supporters are urged to refrain from buying goods or using services from Israeli companies or from companies which do business in Israel.
Multiple organizations, including the Anti-Defamation League, classify the BDS movement as antisemitic, citing the double standards Israel is held to that apply to no other country in the world. Other claims of antisemitism highlight that BDS supporters engage in antisemitic activity and deny Israel's right to self-determination. Critics also point out BDS closely parallels the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in the era right before World War II. Critics also note that the calls to boycott Israeli businesses, which themselves employ Palestinian workers, inadvertently harm Palestinians, the people the BDS movement claims to support.
The European Union has expressed opposition to the boycott of Israel, and motions have been passed across the world condemning the movement. A non-binding motion in Ontario, Canada called to "reject the 'differential treatment' of Israel by the BDS movement," while 21 states in the United States have passed anti-BDS laws. French anti-hate speech law has been used against BDS activists.
BDS enjoys endorsements from the African National Congress and branches of the Green Party in England, Wales, Scotland and Canada. Pink Floyd musician Roger Waters is a noted supporter of the BDS movement, as are Anglican Archbishop Desmond Tutu and novelist Alice Walker.
Ohio State rejects BDS resolution to boycott Sabra, Israeli academics
The motion called to "divest from, and boycott G4S, Caterpillar Inc., Sabra Dipping Company, and Hewlett-Packard- all of which benefit from the Israeli occupation of Palestine."
CNN commentator fired for 'Free Palestine from river to the sea' comment
Marc Lamont Hill accused Israel of denying “citizenship rights and due process to Palestinians just because they are not Jewish,” and expressed his support for the BDS movement.
Jewish-Americans sue Airbnb in Delaware, citing religious discrimination
The lawsuit asks that the court enjoin Airbnb from discriminatory practices against Israel-Jewish homeowners and seeks monetary compensation for ongoing lost rental income from Airbnb.
Canadian Federation of Students endorses BDS
Hillels Across Canada condemn the federation’s decision, which they said was “fueled” by hate and was “counterproductive to peace.”
British Quakers divest from firms profiting from West Bank settlements
The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement hailed the decision as its second success of the day.
Canadian PM Justin Trudeau defends comparison of BDS to antisemitism
"It's not right to discriminate or make someone feel unsafe on campus because of their religion and unfortunately the BDS movement is often linked to those kind of frames."
German mayor and city council under fire for failing to combat BDS
Zuroff, a leading international expert on modern antisemitism, said that the city council “should adopt the anti-BDS resolution.”
German city removes antisemitic BDS event notice from its website
“Israel has systematically violated international law for more than 70 years, with more or less open support from the US and Europe."
HSBC tells 'Post': 'We divested from Elbit over cluster bombs, not BDS'
“HSBC has a banking operation in Tel Aviv and provides banking services to numerous Israeli companies. We have every intention of continuing to do so,” HSBC said.
On Facebook, Roger Waters attacks cover band for reviving Israel concert
Waters responded to a Jerusalem Post article: "I'm sorry you buckled boys..."