US permits some foreign investment in northern Syria despite sanctions

In a call with reporters, senior officials repeated Washington's stance it has no intention of lifting sanctions on Syrian President Assad.

 The United States Department of the Treasury is seen in Washington, DC, US, August 30, 2020. (photo credit: Andrew Kelly/Reuters)
The United States Department of the Treasury is seen in Washington, DC, US, August 30, 2020.
(photo credit: Andrew Kelly/Reuters)

The United States on Thursday authorized some foreign investment in areas of northern Syria that are outside government control, in what it said was a strategy designed to defeat the Islamic State through economic stabilization.

The US Treasury Department approved activities in 12 sectors including agriculture, construction and finance, but made clear that it did not permit any transactions with the government or those designated under US sanctions during the 11-year-long Syrian war.

In a call with reporters, senior officials repeated Washington's stance it has no intention of lifting sanctions on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

The new general license was aimed at promoting better economic opportunities for people who are not targeted by the sanctions and live in areas that are vulnerable to a resurgence by Islamic State, also known as ISIS.

"Private sector investment in these areas will help reduce the likelihood of ISIS resurgence by combating the desperate conditions that enable the terrorist groups' recruitment and support network," said a senior official in the administration of US President Joe Biden.

SYRIAN PRESIDENT Bashar Assad addresses members of his country’s parliament in Damascus in August.  (credit: SANA/REUTERS)SYRIAN PRESIDENT Bashar Assad addresses members of his country’s parliament in Damascus in August. (credit: SANA/REUTERS)

He added there was interest from private companies including those working in neighboring countries, but he did not provide names.

The license also authorized purchases of oil products such as gasoline in the area, except for transactions involving the government of Syria or those designated under US sanctions.

It did not permit the import of Syrian origin petroleum or petroleum products to the United States.

Assad's forces have recovered most of Syria but some areas remain outside his control. Turkish forces are deployed in much of the north and northwest, the last rebel stronghold, and US forces are stationed in the Kurdish-controlled east and northeast.

Washington has been in consultations with Turkey and other allies over this move, US officials said.

ISIS had taken over large swathes of territory in 2014 in Iraq and Syria and declared a caliphate, which was in 2019 completely dismantled and its fighters defeated by US and Iraqi forces.

Some Arab states initiated a rapprochement last year with Assad's government after shunning it during the civil war.

The United States says it does not encourage those attempts to normalize or upgrade diplomatic relations with Assad but did not stop some Arab allies of Washington from re-establishing ties with Damascus.

The administration wants to hold Assad and his government accountable, US officials said, over allegations by Western countries of human rights abuses.

"We've twice imposed new sanctions under this administration on the Assad regime specifically for the issue of human rights abuses and atrocities and are looking to continuously roll out additional sanctions," one administration official said.