Bashar Assad

Bashar al-Assad is the 19th president of Syria. He entered office in 2000. As president, Assad is also commander-in-chief of the Syrian armed forces and regional secretary of the socialist Ba’ath Party in Syria. Born in 1965, Assad is the third son of the late Syrian president Hafez al-Assad, who held office from 1971-2000. Before replacing his father as president, Assad studied medicine at Damascus University, graduating as an opthamologist in 1988. He served in the Syrian Army for four years as a doctor. In 1992 he moved to London to continue his studies, but was called back to Syria when his older brother Bassel, who had been designated to replace their father as president, was killed in an automobile accident. Assad is married to Asma al-Assad, a British woman of Syrian origin. The couple has three children. Presidency 2000-2011 On June 10, 2000 Hafez al-Assad passed away, and on June 18, 2000 Bashar was appointed General Secretary of the ruling Ba’ath Party. Soon after, after running as an unopposed candidate for the presidency, he was elected to a 7 year term in office. At first, Assad was seen as a better alternative to his father by many Syrians. They hoped the well-educated younger Assad, with his background and exposure to the West, would bring about changes to the status-quo. Assad stated that democracy was “a tool to a better life,” but that it couldn’t be rushed into Syria. At first, Assad somewhat successfully helped Syria ease out of the economic troubles it was in at the end of the 90s. Modernization gradually entered the Syrian public and private spheres. However, with the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 relations with the US grew shakier, and Assad’s rhetoric became more and more anti-Western. In 2005, Lebanon’s former prime minister, Rafiq al-Hariri, was assassinated. Syria was accused of involvement in the assassination. In 2007, Assad was re-elected to office by a nearly unanimous majority. Syrian Civil War In 2011, inspired by other Arab Spring protests throughout the Middle East, waves of unrest began breaking out in Assad’s Syria, in time turning into the bloody Syrian Civil War. Many of the protesters were opposed to the totalitarian rule imposed by Assad’s ruling party, in place since the time his father took office. As the war progressed Assad began making fewer and fewer public appearances. Foreign countries and military groups began sending in support for either the Syrian Army or the rebels, turning the fighting into a proxy war. In August 2013, Assad’s regime was accused by the Syrian opposition forces of using chemical weapons against its citizens. Assad denied these accusations, but several Western countries claimed to have intelligence proving that they had indeed been used by the Syrian government. A month later, Russia, Syria, and the United States came to an agreement to keep Syria’s chemical weapons under international control. Assad was called to step down from his position multiple times. However, he was re-elected in 2014, and with the help of Russian military and financial support has been able to maintain his standing. Towards late 2017 it seemed that Assad’s stability as a Syrian leader was re-establishing itself. The rebels, ISIS and other forces that had previously taken over parts of Syria had been isolated into small pockets within the country, with the Syrian government regaining most of the control over the region. The Syrian Civil War has caused the deaths of over half a million people, and a global refugee crisis of immense proportions. On Israel Upon entering office, Assad continued his father’s stance on Israel, demanding the return of the Golan Heights. He is sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, and has been accused by several Western states of backing groups such as Hezbollah in their actions against Israel. In 2008, it was confirmed by Ehud Olmert that Israel and Syria had been discussing a peace treaty. In 2011, Assad backed an initiative by the few remaining Jews in Syria to restore 10 of the country’s synagogues.
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Protesters storm governor's office in southern Syrian city, two killed in clashes

This is a rare occurence in Sweida province, which has mainly been spared from the violent unrests of the last decade in Syria.

By REUTERS
04/12/2022

Turkey asks for understanding after US warning against Syria incursion

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has suggested a ground operation to combat Kurdish militants following airstrikes.

By KRISTINA JOVANOVSKI/THE MEDIA LINE
03/12/2022

Syria resisting Russia's efforts to broker Turkey summit amid invasion threat

Russia helped Assad turn the tide of the war in his favor and says it is seeking a political end to the conflict and wants to bring the two leaders together for talks.

By REUTERS
02/12/2022

The IDF's shadow war on Iranian weapons smuggling in Syria

The IDF is in the midst of an ongoing war against smuggling of weaponry from Iran to Syria, where they end in the hands of Lebanese terrorist organization Hezbollah.

By WALLA!/AMIR BOHBOT
29/10/2022

Alleged Israeli airstrikes targeted sites affiliated with Maher Assad - report

Israel warned Syrian officials that they would intensify airstrikes on Syrian targets due to the Assad regime's cooperation with Iran.

Inter-rebel clashes resume in northwest Syria after collapse of truce

Intense fighting raged near rugged terrain around Kafr Jana village in northern Aleppo where both sides sent reinforcements.

By REUTERS
17/10/2022

Failed rocket attack targets US forces in Syria

The US military said the 107 mm rocket failed to impact anything inside the Rumalyn Landing Zone compound in northeast Syria.

By REUTERS
09/10/2022

Hamas to visit Syria as part of efforts to revive ties with Assad

Normalizing ties with Assad's government could help restore Hamas's inclusion in a so-called "axis of resistance" against Israel.

By REUTERS
06/10/2022

Islamic State official killed in rare US raid in gov't-held Syria

Thursday's raid by the US was the first known operation in a zone held by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.

By REUTERS
06/10/2022

Talk of Ankara-Damascus detente driven mostly by domestic politics

‘Politics in the post Arab Spring and post 9/11 [eras] has changed to become much more fragmented and transactional. … No country means [what it says] in absolute terms.’

By MOHAMMAD AL-KASSIM/THE MEDIA LINE
12/09/2022
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