Diaspora

Diaspora Jewry is the collective name for the Jewish communities outside of the Land of Israel. Historically, these communities go back to big historical events like the Babylonian exile, the siege of Jerusalem and the expulsion from Spain. Today, the biggest Diaspora communities exist in the United States, France, Canada, the UK and Russia.

German rabbi's livestreamed prayer a sign of change amid new normal

Balla himself is a living symbol of the rebirth of Jewish life in that part of the world.

By BEN HARRIS/JTA
27/05/2020
MEN’S section during Monday morning services at the Hatikva Synagogue.
Initiative aims to financially aid Jews of color amid COVID-19 crisis

We need to get funds into the hands of the most vulnerable, many of whom struggle daily to pay bills and put food on the table."

By CELIA JEAN
27/05/2020
New PBS documentary examines antisemitism as social virus

The film includes former president Bill Clinton, former British prime minister Tony Blair, Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt, and journalists Fareed Zakaria, George Will and Yair Rosenberg

By LAURA PAULL/JTA
26/05/2020
Omer Yankelevich
Diaspora Affairs minister: Israel to support Jews abroad hit by COVID-19

Jewish Agency Chairman Isaac Herzog lauds ‘paradigm shift’ in which Israel establishing mechanisms to help Jews in the Diaspora

Oklahoma passes anti-BDS bill

The legislation confirms that Oklahoma will not sign any contract with a company, unless the company submits a written certification that it's not currently boycotting Israeli goods or services.

Rabbi Moshe David Hacohen and Imam Salahuddin Barakat from Amanah are awarded Malmo's City Prize on
Swedish imam and rabbi issue joint peace statement to mark Eid, Shavuot

Salahuddin Barakat and Moshe David HaCohen co-founded the peace initiative Amamah in 2017 to promote co-existence.

Novo Cemetery in London
Antisemitic banner hung on home facing London Sephardi Jewish cemetery

The banner was hung on a home facing the Novo Beth Chaim Cemetery, one of only two exclusively Sephardic Jewish cemeteries remaining in London.

26/05/2020
In absence of The Canadian Jewish News, writers unite to forge new voice

Canada’s flagship national Jewish newspaper of record became a coronavirus casualty when it announced that its April 9 issue would be its last after 60 years of publication.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
26/05/2020
AUSCHWITZ
Brazilian Jewish groups slam German comedian for Holocaust joke

The Brazilian Israelite Confederation demanded an apology on Thursday.

By MARCUS GILBAN/JTA
26/05/2020
Kiryas Joel
New York Hasidic school found operating with ‘hundreds of students inside’

A school in the Hasidic village of Kiryas Joel in New York was ordered to close after it was found operating with hundreds of students in its building.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
26/05/2020
US Neo-Nazi member at Columbus protest tried to attack Jews at Kent State

The report also noted that the man is alleged to have a long history with antisemitic and white supremacist activity.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
26/05/2020
Beit Avi Chai's Shavuot Initiative
Beit Avi Chai launches online Shavuot learning initiative

"Challenging times also provide new opportunities," explained Beit Avi Chai CEO Dr. David Rozenson.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
25/05/2020
Antisemitism spreads amid coronavirus pandemic in Turkey, group warns

An organization of Jewish Turks says commentators have used the coronavirus outbreak to promote antisemitic conspiracy theories.

By KRISTINA JOVANOVSKI / THE MEDIA LINE
25/05/2020
Antwerp, Belgium
Jewish orgs. slam Belgium for removing armed synagogue guards

The move comes during the sixth anniversary of the 2014 antisemitic terrorist attack on the Jewish Museum in Brussels, when a radical Islamist returning from Syria opened fire, killing four people.

25/05/2020
Russian chief rabbi wants Moscow to urge Iran to repair Esther's Tomb

Lazar said, “I will speak to the Russian government, and ask that they ask urge the Iranian authorities to mend the tomb of Esther and Mordechai."

One in five English people believe COVID is a Jewish conspiracy - survey

Preliminary data shows many Britons believe Jews created the coronavirus. This is a developing story.

South Street Temple in Lincoln, Nebraska was the subject of an act of vandalism on February 21, 2020
Windows smashed at Reform synagogue in Peoria, Illinois

The damage to Congregation Anshai Emeth, a Reform synagogue, took place between Tuesday afternoon and Wednesday morning.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
25/05/2020
Stanford University
Anti-Israel tweets garner controversy in Stanford student election

“If you still support Israel, you can choke, honestly,” said one tweet.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
25/05/2020
A man reads a prayer book outside, Reuters
Czech Jewish community to invest €1m. to renovate grave of respected rabbi

Rabbi Shabbatai HaKohen was a noted 17’th century sage famous for this 1646 book ‘Lips of the Priest’ which gave him his nickname ‘Shakh’.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
24/05/2020
BDS activists play IDF soldiers, stage mock execution in Vienna

The Austrian news outlet 'Heute' first reported on the anti-Israel stunt that took place Saturday at Viktor Adler Square in the Austrian capital.

The fitness center at the David Posnack JCC has not yet been allowed to reopen, but when it does, eq
A Florida JCC survived the pandemic with no layoffs, now it’s reopening

The Posnack JCC’s story — and its tiered reopening — stands in stark contrast to most JCCs across the country that have shut down and, in many cases, laid off large portions or all of their staffs.

By BEN SALES/JTA
23/05/2020
The Whitney Museum of American Art's building at 99 Gansevoort Street between Washington Street and
Ex-Nazi hunter slams Whitney Museum's anti-Israel ‘smear campaign’

In the letter, Sher argued that the museum had “orchestrated and acquiesced in a concerted smear campaign against Warren Kanders,” the law enforcement supplier’s owner, who is Jewish.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
24/05/2020
A coronavirus warning sign is reflected as self-proclaimed history buff Amitai Zuckerman from Maryla
This rabbi and Vietnam vet helped unveil the Vietnam War memorial in 1982

Now he’s leading its first virtual Memorial Day service.

By RON KAMPEAS/JTA
23/05/2020
Summer camp [Illustrative]
Sweden’s only Jewish camp reverses decision to close this summer

For many children, especially those living outside Stockholm, it is the only time of the year that they are surrounded by other young Jews and learn about their heritage.

By JOSEFIN DOLSTEN/JTA
23/05/2020
How summer camp has become an American Jewish institution

A 2013 study found that more than a third of American Jews have attended Jewish overnight camp. In many cases, children attend the same camps as their parents.

By BEN SALES/JTA
23/05/2020
Belgium plans to end army protection for Antwerp synagogues

“The Jewish community needs more, not less, protection in these difficult times,” the Forum of Jewish Organizations of Flemish Jews wrote in a statement published Monday about the plan.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
23/05/2020
Swastikas in US military cemetery cause outrage

The swastikas, as well as an inscription honoring Adolf Hitler, appears on the tombstones of German POWs who died while in American custody. Is it time to change them?

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
23/05/2020
Trump praises ‘good bloodlines’ of Ford, who was Hitler’s hero

Speaking at a Ford plant in Michigan, US President Donald Trump took a moment to say the late Henry Ford had “good bloodlines,” a chilling moment for anyone familiar with the man’s racist views.

Challenging the Conference of Presidents' election divides Jews

The Conference of Presidents was created in response to then-cecretary of state John Foster Dulles’ declaration that he would only deal with one Jewish organization. So, out of many, we made one.

By FRED ZEIDMAN/JTA
22/05/2020
200 US Jewish students leaders call for censure of ZOA for alleged racism

According to the letter, Zionist Organization of America head Mort Klein is alleged to have engaged in “a pattern of racist and Islamophobic behavior."

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
22/05/2020
JDC aid organization lays off 53 staffers around the world

In total, the organization is reducing its workforce by 10%. JDC is also drawing $5 million from its $170 million endowment and imposing salary freezes until the end of 2021.

By SHIRA HANAU/JTA
22/05/2020
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo delivers remarks at a news conference. New York City, New York, U.S.,
Hundreds of NY small business owners demand Cuomo let them reopen

"Our businesses are the backbone of this state, and quite literally what we depend on to put food on our tables and is equally vital to our employees, vendors and local neighborhoods."

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
22/05/2020
Ukrainian police suspend officer who asked for a city’s list of Jews

Internal Affairs Minister Arsen Avakov announced the suspension in a letter he sent to the head of the Jewish community of Kolomyya, in the country’s west.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
22/05/2020
Orthodox Jews arrive during the 13th Siyum HaShas, a celebration marking the completion of the Daf Y
Lawsuit accuses NJ of discriminating against Jews using zoning laws

Eric Dreiband, assistant attorney general for the Civil Rights Division, called it “antisemitic conduct.”

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
22/05/2020
Davi Alcolumbre, from the Democratas party is congratulated by his colleagues after being elected fo
Jewish president of Brazilian Congress victimized by antisemitic slurs

The slurs against Sen. Davi Alcolumbre were published this week on the Facebook profile of a user called Jota Junior, which was removed after the comments were made public.

By MARCUS GILBAN/JTA
22/05/2020
Swastika on a wall (illustrative)
Australian golf course vandalized with swastikas

The green on the fourth hole at the Cranbourne Golf Club also was sprayed on Tuesday night with homophobic images.

By HENRY BENJAMIN/JTA
22/05/2020
Jewish Millennial camp takes a different turn due to COVID-19

Few traditions are as universal to Jewish summer camp as color war, where the camps divide into teams by primary color for a day of athletic (and silly) competitions.

By BEN SALES/JTA
22/05/2020
Coronavirus takes the life of Alison Schwartz, 29, People magazine staffer

Alison Schwartz set out to find a gift for her best friend’s wedding in 2018, she did it with her trademark creativity and fastidiousness.

By BEN HARRIS/JTA
22/05/2020
Jewish community rallies to save Jerusalemite stranded at sea

Artist Amit Mendel became stranded off the coast of Jamaica when the coronavirus pandemic caused all borders to be closed.

Coronavirus: Spanish Jews to end school year online, plan for September

The COVID-19 outbreak in the country has been especially difficult in the capital, which is still way behind the rest of the country in terms of easing up on restrictions.

Warsaw Jewish community sending care packages for righteous among nations

Volunteers from the community as well as staff from the American Jewish Committee helped distribute the packages.

A MEIR Panim volunteer delivers food during COVID-19
Daily Giving: The power of donating $1 a day

One dollar on its own may not have much of an impact, but since its launch in January 2019, DailyGiving.org has already donated over $300,000 to Jewish charities.

By Rivkah Lambert Adler
21/05/2020
Argentina to fly in rabbis to certify kosher meat despite closed borders

The global lockdown meant to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus has snarled this year's plans with borders closed and air travel paralyzed worldwide.

By REUTERS
23/05/2020
A CAPTURED Taliban insurgent is presented to the media after he was detained with car explosive devi
Antisemitism and religious groups: The blame game

If terrorism were a tree, antisemitism would be its biggest branch.

By MOHAMMAD TAWHIDI
21/05/2020
Jonathan Greenblatt
Jonathan Greenblatt: Extremists exploit coronavirus crisis to spread hate

“Virus-related conspiracy theories are proliferating,” noted the Anti-Defamation League CEO.

An illustration, created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), depicts the 2019 N
Massachusetts rabbis: Don't rush to reopen shuls even if allowed

Gov. Charlie Baker, a Republican, included houses of worship in the first phase of Massachusetts’ plan to resume operations after bringing coronavirus infections under control.

By PHILISSA CRAMER/JTA
21/05/2020
250 Jewish leaders press for sexual harassers to be barred

The Presidents Conference represents 51 Jewish-American groups, including many of the country’s largest Jewish organizations.

By BEN SALES/JTA
21/05/2020
FAN poses in front of a New England Patriots logo
Lee Kozol, 87, attorney who represented the Patriots, dies of COVID-19

Kozol, who died on April 24 of COVID-19 at the age of 87, had a legal career that spanned some six decades, and he was at the center of many of the important issues of his day.

By PENNY SCHWARTZ/ JTA
21/05/2020
Kiryas Joel
Orthodox doctor who promoted coronavirus cocktail leaves community

Leaders of the Kiryas Joel community spoke out publicly against Zelenko in an open letter in March.

By SHIRA HANAU/JTA
22/05/2020
20% increase in demand for aliyah following the coronavirus crisis

This is in addition to the existing backlog of requests after aliyah flights were delayed for two months and immigration visas were suspended due to office closures.

By CELIA JEAN
21/05/2020
Ahead of Shavuot, Cuomo to allow prayer gatherings of up to 10 people

The news comes days after Cuomo teased a relaxation of coronavirus lockdown restrictions ahead of the Jewish holiday of Shavuot, and is similar to the relaxations he made for Memorial Day ceremonies.

21/05/2020
On Jerusalem Day, a live virtual event to be broadcasted for Diaspora Jews

The event will be broadcast on the the World Zionist Organization YouTube and Facebook pages, Yaakov Hagoel and B'nai B'rith International on Thursday May 21, 2020 between 2-5 p.m. Israel time

By CELIA JEAN
21/05/2020
Repair the World launches new initiative for Jewish volunteers

Named Skills for Impact, the new initiative will work to connect nonprofits and volunteers over an online platform to provide the Jewish community with expert support to address urgent needs.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
21/05/2020
How the director of ‘Circus of Books’ turned the lens on her mother

'My parents really just tried to downplay it, saying that it was just a bookstore, with an over-18 section'

By ARIELLE KAPLAN/JTA
20/05/2020
Prisoners' items found in hiding place at Auschwitz

It is still too early to say why these tools were hidden and what they were used for.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
25/05/2020
US appoints David Peyman as special envoy to combat antisemitism

“We are pleased to announce that David Peyman joined the Office of the Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Antisemitism as the Assistant Special Envoy for Eurasian Affairs and Strategic Project."

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
20/05/2020
New York City Mayor Bill De Blasio speaks to the media during a press conference in temporary hospit
Ted Cruz: NYC mayor's 'gleeful tweet' on yeshiva should spark DOJ probe

Approximately 60 students were present at the Nitra Yeshiva in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood when the police arrived, according to a New York Police Department spokesperson.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
20/05/2020
Beverly Hills condemns Lithuanian attempt to deny Holocaust involvement

The resolution was presented after a committee of the Lithuanian parliament began drafting legislation to declare that neither Lithuania nor its leaders had participated in the Holocaust.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
20/05/2020
Haredi parents in New York say yeshivas already holding classes

“This week the underground yeshivas became the norm, and many have stopped the phone lessons.”

By SHIRA HANAU/JTA
20/05/2020
These kosher NYC restaurants have closed permanently due to coronavirus

It’s not a surprise that several kosher restaurants in New York have closed permanently since March.

By JOSEFIN DOLSTEN/JTA
20/05/2020
Demonstrators attend an 'al-Quds Day' protest rally in Berlin, Germany, July 11, 2015
Calls for 'Quds Day' ban after speakers label Zionism as 'satanic'

B’nai Brith Canada, a Canadian Jewish organization, has called to ban 'Quds Day' after an online video event in Canada featured antisemitic content.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
20/05/2020
The BDS movement seeks to destroy Israel’s image in the eyes of the world.’
Spanish gov't cancels tolerance seminar by group accused of antisemitism

The government did not explain its decision to cancel the seminar, which had provoked international protests by Jewish groups and ACOM, a pro-Israeli organization in Spain.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
20/05/2020
FILE PHOTO: British rock star Roger Waters walks along the Israeli barrier in Bethlehem
Roger Waters sings: 'We'll take back the land, from the Jordan to the sea'

In collaboration with British filmmaker Ken Loach, an ardent critic of Israeli policies, Waters spoke at the UK Palestine Solidarity Campaign's (PSC) Nakba Day 2020 event.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
20/05/2020
Courtney Cox surprises superfan with canceled 'Friends'-themed bar mitzvah

Thirteen-year-old Naftali Arden of Borehamwood, England, is a super-fan of the popular TV series Friends, and has seen it in its entirety no less than seven times.

20/05/2020
Amsterdam’s Jewish quarter is getting ready to reopen

Now there’s a fear that when the cultural quarter reopens, it won’t have the same impact in multiple ways.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
20/05/2020
As COVID-19 set in, Orthodox Union furloughed a quarter of its workforce

The Orthodox Union, an umbrella organization for Orthodox synagogues and a major certifier of kosher food, laid off or furloughed 125 employees in early April.

By SHIRA HANAU/JTA
19/05/2020
Prayer with masks and no singing returns to synagogues in Italy, Germany

After one of the worst COVID-19 outbreaks in Europe, Italian synagogues reopened this week under strict restrictions, while German Jews have been praying under similar limitations in some cities.

Olive Tree Planting Ceremony in Memory of Lori Gilbert
Olive trees planted in Israel in memory of Poway Synagogue shooting victim

25 olive trees were planted at a ceremony in southern Israel in memory of Lori Gilbert-Kaye, who was tragically shot and killed in an antisemitic attack just over a year ago.

By TOBIAS SIEGAL
19/05/2020
Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil's president-elect, on October 28, 2018
Brazilian CNN commentator says Jews helped choose health minister

A Brazilian journalist implied on CNN that the Jewish community was involved in choosing the country’s health minister.

By MARCUS GILBAN/JTA
19/05/2020
Menorah at a North Carolina university’s Chabad center is vandalized

A large menorah was knocked down in front of the Chabad center at Elon University in North Carolina.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
19/05/2020
Dirshu students taking the tests in Boro Park, Brooklyn
Police shut down Brooklyn yeshiva with around 60 students

"I can’t stress how dangerous this is for our young people,” NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio wrote following the incident.

By SHIRA HANAU/JTA
19/05/2020
Jewish crowdfunding sites raise millions of dollars for COVID-19 victims

Donors have chipped in nearly $850,000 via the Chesed Fund for Yerachmiel “Rick” Beilis, a 52-year-old father of four from Chicago who died of the coronavirus on April 4.

By BEN HARRIS/JTA
19/05/2020
A Jewish camp in Maine is opening. How does it plan on keeping kids safe?

Modin is perhaps the first Jewish camp to tell parents definitively that it will open, and to specifically describe how it will keep campers and counselors safe.

By BEN SALES/JTA
19/05/2020
A Holocaust survivor shows his tattoo
TikTok video mocking the Holocaust and Jews gets over 600,000 views

In response to the video, Brooker said on Monday that “if you read through the comments on the video there have been Jewish people finding the funny side to it. It’s not me hating a religion."

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
19/05/2020
Lithuanian Jews spared by coronavirus celebrate the Vilna Gaon

During the pandemic, the community also marked two important events: the 300th anniversary of the birth of the Vilna Gaon and the 75th anniversary since the end of the Second World War.

NUREMBERG LAWS racial identification chart (Wikimedia Commons)
Alaska lawmaker apologizes after likening pandemic regulations to Nazis

A Republican state lawmaker in Alaska said he did not mean to offend people when he compared restrictions aimed at curbing the coronavirus pandemic to measures imposed by the Nazis.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
18/05/2020
Cup of Coffee. [illustrative]
LA Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf stores are giving up their kosher certification

Several petitions to keep the stores kosher appeared on Change.org, including one with over 5,000 signatures.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
18/05/2020
babies
French Jewish woman gives birth to sextuplets in Strasbourg

The sextuplets include five girls and a boy, who were born 24 weeks and six days of amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), making the births severely premature.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
18/05/2020
Coronavirus: UK synagogues not to reopen before July

Contrary to what happens in many Jewish communities around the world, the BOD manages to have a fairly accurate idea of how many Jews have died because of the virus.

Orthodox Jews arrive during the 13th Siyum HaShas, a celebration marking the completion of the Daf Y
New Jersey House Rep. advocates for COVID-19 antisemitism protection

Antisemitism hit a new all-time high in the US in 2019 and continued on an upward trajectory for the sixth straight year, according to the Anti-Defamation League’s annual report.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
17/05/2020
Man who spent his life hunting down stolen Nazi art dies from COVID-19

David Toren, had a claim on “Two Riders on the Beach” by German Impressionist Max Liebermann, who was also Jewish.

17/05/2020
George Washington University stands by interim dean who backs BDS

'Dr. Feldman’s appointment as interim dean was made based on strong support within the Elliott School, including from the current dean, the Dean’s Council, as well as a number of faculty'

By RON KAMPEAS/JTA
17/05/2020
Protests during the global outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in California
Lawmaker says Hitler not supremacist, compares COVID-19 rule to Holocaust

'People want to say Hitler was a white supremacist. No. He was fearful of the Jewish nation, and that drove him into some unfathomable atrocities.'

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
17/05/2020
Red tape police seals and a photograph are seen on the appartment of Mireille Knoll
Paris prosecutors say Holocaust survivor’s slaying was antisemitic murder

The charred body of Mireille Knoll, 85, was discovered in her apartment on March 23, 2018

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
17/05/2020
US college student spends 11 hours a day shopping to help families

Kaila Zimmerman-Moscovitch, a college student managing a full course load and two part-time jobs, has been spending 11 hours per day to help hers and other families in the Chicago Jewish community.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
16/05/2020
In the face of coronavirus, US rabbi calls on UN for global unity

"Religious leaders must create messages of hope, optimism, and solidarity by teaching the need to embrace the importance of working together to fight this pandemic."

By CELIA JEAN
16/05/2020
U.S. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL)
Rep. Wasserman Schultz calls on VA: Replace headstones with swastikas

“I call on the VA to eliminate this antiquated policy and immediately replace these inappropriate and insensitive headstones,” Wasserman Schultz said.

By RON KAMPEAS/JTA
16/05/2020
Germany relaxes immigration rules for Jews coming from former Soviet Union

“With the new rules for Jewish immigrants, the federal government has come to a socially responsible decision, fulfilling its historical responsibility,” Josef Schuster said.

By JOE BAUR/JTA
16/05/2020
Spanish state hires group accused of antisemitism to ‘teach against hate’

Multiple courts in Spain, including in Valencia, have declared the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, or BDS, against Israel as a racist or discriminatory endeavor.

By CNAAN LIPHSHIZ/JTA
16/05/2020
UK Jewish organization asks Facebook to use IHRA antisemitism definition

This was done in response to a violent comment written to one of the members of the organization and was subsequently reported to Facebook’s new Oversight Board

By OMRI RON
15/05/2020
A participant burns an Israeli flag mockup during a protest to condemn Washington's decision to reco
Burning of Israeli flag leads to German law to ban torching of all flags

The new law also criminalizes the desecration of the EU flag and EU anthem.

American Jewish Committee applauds passage of Missouri anti-BDS bill

The new bill will prohibit Missouri and its associate subdivisions from forming contracts worth over $100,000 with companies that employ more than 10 employees.

By JERUSALEM POST STAFF
15/05/2020
A Shabbat service featuring members of the Madrid and Barcelona Reform communities.
Conservative movement allows livestreaming on Shabbat, holidays amid virus

Noting the “unprecedented time” brought on by the virus, the movement’s Jewish law authorities voted Wednesday to allow livestreaming with a number of caveats.

By JOSEFIN DOLSTEN/JTA
15/05/2020
Gap is selling a ‘camp shirt’ that looks like an Auschwitz uniform

The company is selling a shirt with a design that looks similar to the uniforms worn by Nazi concentration camp inmates.

By BEN SALES/JTA
15/05/2020
Swastika on a wall (illustrative)
Video shows Alabama teens drawing swastikas on a boy’s back

A video showing a group of Alabama teenagers drawing swastikas on a boy’s back was posted to Snapchat.

By MARCY OSTER/JTA
15/05/2020
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