A guide to different types of cannabis products

  (photo credit: MARCA)
(photo credit: MARCA)

Cannabis, a plant with a rich history of medicinal and recreational use, has gained increasing acceptance and recognition in recent years. As legalization spreads across different regions, the market for cannabis products has expanded significantly. From traditional flowers to modern extracts, a wide array of options now exist for consumers to explore. Flowers, oils, tinctures, concentrates, edibles, and ⏤ a variety of diverse cannabis products might inundate newcomers and pose a challenge for experienced enthusiasts when making a choice. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various types of cannabis products available, their characteristics, uses, and potential benefits.

Cannabis Flower

Cannabis flower, often referred to as weed, herb, or bud, is the raw, unprocessed form of the cannabis plant. It contains the plant's valuable compounds, including cannabinoids like CBD, as well as aromatic compounds known as terpenes. Cannabis flower is most commonly smoked in joints, pipes, or bongs. It remains a staple for many cannabis enthusiasts due to its immediate effects and wide range of strains, each offering distinct flavors, aromas, and products.


Pre-rolls are pre-made joints that come ready to smoke. They are a convenient option for those who want to skip the rolling process and enjoy a pre-measured dose of cannabis. Pre-rolls are available in various strains and sizes, catering to both solo users and social gatherings.


Edibles encompass a diverse category of cannabis-infused food and beverage products. From gummies and chocolates to brownies and teas, edibles offer an alternative way to experience the effects of cannabis. Unlike smoking, edibles are metabolized in the liver, leading to a delayed onset of products that can last longer and feel more potent. However, dosing with edibles requires caution, as effects can vary greatly and become more intense than anticipated.


Cannabis concentrates are highly potent extracts that capture the plant's active compounds in a concentrated form. These products are sought after by experienced users looking for intense effects. Some common types of concentrates include:

  • Wax and Shatter: These are semi-solid concentrates with varying consistencies. Wax is malleable, while shatter is brittle and breaks easily.
  • Live Resin: This concentrate is made from freshly harvested and frozen cannabis plants, preserving a higher concentration of terpenes.
  • Rosin: Created by applying heat and pressure to cannabis flowers, rosin is a solventless concentrate known for its purity.
  • Hash: A traditional concentrate made by collecting and compressing trichomes from the cannabis plant.


Cannabis tinctures are liquid extracts infused with cannabis compounds. They are typically consumed by placing drops under the tongue, allowing for quick absorption through the mucous membranes. Tinctures offer precise dosing control and discreet usage, making them a popular choice among medical cannabis users.


Cannabis-infused topicals include creams, balms, lotions, and oils designed for external application. They are non-psychoactive and primarily used for localized relief from pain, inflammation, and skin conditions. Topicals are absorbed through the skin and interact with cannabinoid receptors in the applied area.

Vape Cartridges

Vape cartridges contain cannabis oil that is vaporized and inhaled using a vape pen or vaporizer device. They offer a convenient and discreet option for on-the-go consumption. However, concerns have arisen about the safety of some vape cartridges due to the presence of additives and potential contaminants.

Cannabis Capsules

Cannabis capsules are pre-measured doses of cannabis oil encapsulated in a gelatin or vegan shell. They provide a controlled and predictable experience, similar to pharmaceutical medications. Capsules are favored for their simplicity and convenience, allowing users to manage their consumption accurately.

Transdermal Patches

Transdermal patches are adhesive patches infused with cannabis compounds applied to the skin. They deliver cannabinoids into the bloodstream over an extended period, offering a consistent and controlled release. Patches are discreet and suitable for users seeking prolonged effects without frequent dosing.

CBD-Exclusive Products

CBD (cannabidiol) products have gained immense popularity for their potential therapeutic benefits. CBD products include oils, tinctures, edibles, topicals, and capsules. They are used to manage various conditions such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, and epilepsy.

Final Words

The realm of weed products has expanded far beyond the traditional joint, offering an array of consumption methods to cater to diverse preferences and needs. Whether seeking immediate relaxation, pain relief, or a discrete way to incorporate cannabis into daily routines, there's a product designed for every individual. However, responsible usage is crucial. Start with lower doses, especially if you're new to cannabis, and give your body time to acclimate to the effects.

It's essential to procure weed products from legal and reputable sources to ensure quality and safety. If you're considering using cannabis for medical purposes or have underlying health conditions, consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

As the cannabis industry continues to evolve, staying informed about new products, consumption methods, and regulations will empower you to make well-informed choices. Whether you're a seasoned cannabis enthusiast or a curious newcomer, the diverse landscape of weed products invites exploration, experimentation, and responsible enjoyment.

This article was written in cooperation with Jonathan Valedz