IAEA Chief 248x88 AP.
(photo credit: )
Israeli officials were notably unimpressed Thursday by Mohamed ElBaradei's comments that his probe of allegations that Iran has been trying to make nuclear arms is at "a dead end" because Teheran is not cooperating. The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) also warned that confidence in Teheran had shrunk in the wake of its belated revelation of a previously secret nuclear facility.
ElBaradei, whose term as head of the IAEA ends on December 1, also criticized Teheran for not accepting an internationally endorsed plan meant to delay its ability to make such weapons.
The unusually blunt comments appeared to be a reflection of frustration four days before ElBaradei ends his tenure leading an agency that has proven unable to overcome Iran's defiance and ease international concerns that it may be using a civilian nuclear program as a cover for plans to make nuclear weapons.
"Better late than never," one diplomatic official said wryly of ElBaradei's comments, giving voice to a deep frustration in Jerusalem over what many viewed as ElBaradei's overly conciliatory approach over the years to Iran's nuclear march.
As to the operative significance of the IAEA head's comments, the official said, "He is on the way out, this will not determine anything."
Another diplomatic source said that ElBaradei should not have been surprised that the Iranians had rejected the international community's plan to enrich Iranian uranium abroad, and that it was clear that the Iranians would not accept any solution that would slow down its nuclear project.
ElBaradei told the opening session of the IAEA's 35-nation board of governors on Thursday that "there has been no movement on remaining issues of concern which need to be clarified for the agency to verify the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program."
"We have effectively reached a dead end," ElBaradei said, "unless Iran engages fully with us."
"Issues of concern" is the IAEA term for intelligence and other information available to the agency indicating that Teheran has experimented with nuclear weapons programs, including missile-delivery systems and tests of explosives that could serve as nuclear-bomb detonators.
Since revelations of a secret Iranian nuclear program surfaced eight years ago, much of ElBaradei's energies have been spent on trying to nudge Teheran to meet international demands that it freeze uranium enrichment and cooperate on other issues meant to ease fears of its nuclear aims.
More than a year ago Iran began stonewalling the agency regarding the "issues of concern," saying there was nothing to investigate because the allegations were false.
ElBaradei has emphasized the need for talks instead of threats in engaging Iran. He has criticized the US for invading Iraq on the pretext that former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein had a nuclear weapons program, something that has not been proven. That - and perceived softness on the Iran issue - has drawn criticism from the US and its allies that he has been overstepping his mandate.
But ElBaradei's comments Thursday left little doubt that - just before his departure - he was unhappy with Iran.
"I am disappointed that Iran has not so far agreed to the original proposal" involving removal of most of Iran's enriched stockpile, ElBaradei told the meeting.
Teheran's approval "would greatly help to alleviate the concerns relating to Iran's nuclear program," he added.
The plan approved by the six world powers negotiating with Iran over the past few months would commit Teheran to ship out 70 percent of its enriched uranium for processing into fuel rods for its research reactor in Teheran. That would help allay international fears by removing most of the material that Iran could use to make a nuclear weapon.
It would take more than a year for Teheran to replace the enriched material, meaning it would not be able to make a weapon for at least that long.
Iran says it is enriching only to power a future network of nuclear reactors. But because enrichment can also produce fissile warhead material, its program has raised concerns.
Iran continues enriching despite three sets of UN Security Council sanctions meant to make it freeze that activity, and has built an enriched stockpile that could arm two nuclear warheads.
Initially, Teheran appeared to favor the plan, but in recent weeks it has offered modifications that have one thing in common - its refusal to ship out most of its enriched stockpile. That effectively kills the plan, with the West refusing to accept anything other than an Iranian commitment to export the material.
In Moscow, Russia's deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov, urged Teheran to accept the uranium proposal and abide by other agreements reached at a meeting with the six powers last month.
Ryabkov told Iran's ambassador to Moscow on Thursday that such cooperation would "significantly move forward the process of restoring the international community's trust in the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program," the ministry said.
The sextet endorsing the plan - the US, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany - planned to mount a new challenge to Teheran in the form of a resolution at the board meeting criticizing it for ignoring UN Security Council and IAEA board demands and continuing to build its enrichment program - sometimes clandestinely.
Introducing the resolution, Ruediger Luedeking, Germany's chief IAEA representative, urged Teheran to "build and not reduce confidence... in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear program."
Impatience with Iran has been fueled by Teheran's September revelation that it had secretly been building a new enrichment facility. In a possible preemptive move, Iran notified the IAEA in a confidential letter only days before the leaders of the US, Britain and France went public with the project.
Iran says it did not violate IAEA statutes by waiting with its notification, but ElBaradei has said Teheran was "outside the law" in not telling his agency about the facility much earlier. On Thursday, he said that Iran's late reporting on the facility reduced "confidence in the absence of other nuclear facilities under construction in Iran which have not been declared to the agency."
A perusal of IAEA records shows that Teheran's chief envoy to the IAEA, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, told the agency's board last year that his country "has repeatedly declared that there is no undeclared nuclear material and activity in Iran" - this at the time when construction of the secret nuclear facility was in full force.