Instability in Egypt and Iranian
threats to block the Strait of Hormuz are serious risks to food
security in the Gulf, according to a report by a British think
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries depend on
imports for 80-90 percent of their food, and most of it has to
be brought in through two shipping routes that could close due
to regional conflicts or political pressure, London-based
Chatham House warned.
With over 80 percent of the Gulf's wheat coming through the
and 80 percent of its rice supply brought in through
the Strait of Hormuz, the most vulnerable countries are the
United Arab Emirates, Bahrain
, the study said.
Iran threatened in 2012 to block the Strait of Hormuz if it
came under attack, as tensions rose with the West last year over
's disputed nuclear program.