After Justin Martyr, the second “Church father” to consider in regard to the emergence of Christian anti- Semitism in the pre-Nicean era is Bishop Irenaeus, who lived from 135- 202 CE and served as bishop of Lyons.

Irenaeus is noted for his work Adversus Haereses (“Against Heresies”). Written in response to the heretic Marcion, he tried to prove the continuity of the two Testaments and that the God of the Old is also the God of the New. In Book 4, Chapter 4, he deals with the relationship between Jews and Gentiles.


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