Dead Sea 311.
(photo credit: Katri Maoz)
The Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea are the two West Bank regions most
exploited by Israel, when one compares the amount of natural resources allocated
to settlers versus to the Palestinians, B’Tselem said in a report issued
RELATED:'Settlements control 42% of West Bank'
B’Tselem – The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in
the Occupied Territories, charged that the 9,400 settlers who live in the two
regions consume 45 million cubic meters of water a year, which is almost
one-third the amount used by 2.5 million Palestinians in the entire West
Some 97 percent of the water used by settlers was for agricultural
purposes, according to the report, which is based on the organization’s 2008
The report, however, noted that because the Jordan Valley and the
Dead Sea were agricultural areas, water consumption by both settlers and
Palestinians was relatively high.
For example, the 80,000 Palestinians in
the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea region used 31 cubic meters of water, which is
21.52% of all water consumed by Palestinians in the entire West Bank, the report
It warned that the extent of the disparity was much greater when
one compared individual settlements in that region with specific Palestinian
For example, the report stated that the per capita
allocation of water to the Niran settlement, north of Jericho, was 433 liters,
compared to 225 liters in the Palestinian city of Jericho.
In the central
and northern Jordan Valley, the per capital water consumption for Palestinians
was 61 liters, a figure almost 40% lower than what is recommended by the World
The worst discrepancy in water consumption was in
the Bedouin community, where most are not connected to a regular water supply
and the per capita water consumption was only 20 liters, B’Tselem
The report also charged that settlers used a disproportionately
larger amount of land than Palestinians.
It said Israel had closed off
77.5% of the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea land to Palestinians by declaring it
either state land, military zones or nature reserves.
Administration said it had not received the report and that it would respond
only once it had reviewed the data.