(photo credit: Gloria Deutsch)
Cuddling and caressing are important ingredients for long-term relationship satisfaction, according to an international study that looks at relationship and sexual satisfaction throughout committed relationships, but contrary to stereotypes, tenderness was more important to the men than to the women.
Also contrary to expectations of the researchers, men were more likely to report being happy in their relationship, while women were more likely to report being satisfied with their sexual relationship. More than 1,000 couples, who had all been together an average 25 years, were from the United States, Brazil, Germany, Japan and Spain, where .
The study from the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University, published in the "Archives of Sexual Behavior," is the first to examine sexual and relationship parameters of middle-aged or older couples in committed, long-term relationships. Research efforts to understand the place of sexuality in human lives rarely involves intact couples in ongoing relationships.
"You hear repeated research and commentary about divorce; but it's important to note that though divorce rates are high in the US, couples tend to stay married; more than 50 percent of US couples remain in their first marriage, and that number goes up to 90 percent in Spain," said Julia Heiman, director of The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction and lead author of the article. "We know from other research that being in a long-term relationship has some value to health. Perhaps we can learn more about what makes relationships both sustainable and happy."
Participants in the study were 40- to 70-year-old men and their female
partners, either married or living together for a minimum of one year.
The study included around 200 couples from each country. The men and
women answered gender-specific questionnaires and were assured that
their responses would not be shared with their partner.
"This study on heterosexual couples provides a basis for future research
on sex and gender, such as how same-sex couples may or may not show
similarities and differences in relationship and sexual satisfaction,"
For men, relationship happiness was more likely if the man reported
being in good health and if it was important to him that his partner
experienced orgasm. Surprisingly, frequent kissing or cuddling also
predicted happiness in the relationship for men, but not for women. Both
men and women reported more happiness the longer they had been
together, and if they themselves scored higher on several sexual
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Men and women both were likely to report sexual satisfaction if they
also reported frequent kissing and cuddling, sexual caressing by the
partner, higher sexual functioning, and if they had sex more frequently.
On the other hand, for men, having had more sex partners in their
lifetime was a predictor of less sexual satisfaction.
Men did report more relationship happiness in later years, whereas for
women, their sexual satisfaction increased over time. Women who had been
with their partner for less than 15 years were less likely to report
sexual satisfaction, but after 15 years, the percentage went up
"Possibly, women become more satisfied over time because their
expectations change, or life changes with the children grown," Heiman
said. "On the other hand, those who weren't so happy sexually might not
be married so long."
Compared with the US men, Japanese men reported significantly (2.61
times) more sexual satisfaction in their relationships. For women,
Japanese and Brazilian women were more likely to report being satisfied
sexually than Americans.
This article was originally published at www.newswise.com
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